Course Descriptions

This section of the catalog describes each of the courses listed in college programs or which may be offered as electives. Not all of the courses will be offered during an academic year. Those provided as a service to business and industry will be offered as needed and when sufficient numbers of students enroll. Other courses may be offered which are not included in this section but are included in the VCCS Curriculum Guide.

Course Numbers

Courses numbered 01-09 are courses for develop- mental education. Students may re- register for these courses in two subsequent semesters to complete course objectives. Students need administrative approval to re-enroll in developmental courses for a third time. Courses numbered 10-99 are freshman level courses for certificate programs. Credits earned in these courses are not applicable toward associate degree programs; however, upon approval of the vice president of academic and student development services, some courses may provide credit applicable to certificate programs. Courses numbered 100-199 are freshman level courses applicable toward the associate degree, diploma and certificate programs. Courses numbered 200-299 are sophomore level courses applicable toward the associate degree, diploma and certificate programs.

Course Co-requisites

Co-requisites are two courses that must be taken during the same semester or period of enrollment. If any co-requisites are required, these co-requisites will be identified in the course description and are usually noted in the printed class schedule.

Course Prerequisites

If any prerequisites are required before enrolling in a course, these prerequisites will be identified in the course description. Prerequisites or their equivalent must be completed satisfactorily before enrolling in a course unless special permission to enroll is obtained from the division chair and the instructor.

General Usage Courses

XXX 90, 190, 290 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP - (1-5 cr.)
Supervises on-the- job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/Practice ratio maximum 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.

XXX 95, 195, 295 TOPICS IN (1-5 cr.)
Provides an opportunity to explore topical areas of interest to or needed by students. May be used also for special honors courses. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.

XXX 96, 196, 296 ON-SITE TRAINING (1-5 cr.)
Specializes in career orientation and training program without pay in selected businesses and industry, supervised and coordinated by the college. Credit/Practice ratio maximum 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.

XXX 97, 197, 297 COOPERATIVE EDUCATION (1-5 cr.)
Supervised on-the- job training for pay in approved business, industrial and service firms, coordinated by the college’s cooperative education office. Applicable to all occupational/ technical curricula at the discretion of the college. Credit/ Work ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.

XXX 98, 198, 298 SEMINAR AND PROJECT (1-5 cr.)
Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student’s occupational objective and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.

XXX 99, 199, 299 SUPERVISED STUDY (1-5 cr.)
Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours. Prerequisite for ACC 299, ADJ 299, AST 299, BUS 299. EMS 299, ITE 299, and MTS 299 is completion of 45 semester hours in program of study.

ACCOUNTING (ACC)

ACC 124 PAYROLL ACCOUNTING (3 cr.)
Presents accounting systems and methods used in computing and recording payroll to include payroll taxes and compliance with federal and state legislation. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-2.

ACC 134 SMALL BUSINESS TAXES (3 cr.)
Introduces taxes most frequently encountered in business. Includes payroll, sales, property, and income tax. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ACC 211 PRINCIPLES OF ACCOUNTING I (3 cr.)
Presents accounting principles/application to various businesses. Covers the accounting cycle, income determination, and financial reporting. A laboratory co-requisite (ACC 213) may be required as identified by the college. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-2.

ACC 212 PRINCIPLES OF ACCOUNTING II (3 cr.)
Emphasizes partnerships, corporations and the study of financial analysis. Includes and introduces cost/managerial accounting concepts. Co- requisite (ACC 214) may be required. Prerequisite: ACC 211. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ACC 215 COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING (3 cr.)
Introduces the computer in solving accounting problems. Focuses on operation of computers. Presents the accounting cycle and financial statement preparation in a computerized system and other applications for financial and managerial accounting. Prerequisite or co-requisite ACC 211 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ACC 221 INTERMEDIATE ACCOUNTING I (3 cr.)
Covers accounting principles and theory, including a review of the accounting cycle and accounting for current assets, current liabilities and investments. Introduces various accounting approaches and demonstrates the effect of these approaches on the financial statement users. Prerequisite ACC 212 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ACC 222 INTERMEDIATE ACCOUNTING II (3 cr.)
Continues accounting principles and theory with emphasis on accounting for fixed assets, intangibles, corporate capital structure, long-term liabilities, and investments. Prerequisite ACC 212 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ACC 231 COST ACCOUNTING I (3 cr.)
Studies cost accounting methods and reporting as applied to job order, process, and standard cost accounting systems. Includes cost control and other topics. Prerequisite ACC 212 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ACC 261 PRINCIPLES OF FEDERAL TAXATION I (3 cr.)
Presents the study of federal taxation as it relates to individuals and related entities. Includes tax planning, compliance and reporting. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-2.

ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE (ADJ)

ADJ 100 SURVEY OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE (3 cr.)
Presents an overview of the United States criminal justice system; introduces the major system components--law enforcement, judiciary, and corrections. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ADJ 105 THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM (3 cr.)
Presents the evolution, philosophy, structures and processes of the American juvenile delinquency system; surveys the rights of juveniles, dispositional alternatives, rehabilitation methods and current trends. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ADJ 111 LAW ENFORCEMENT ORGANIZATION & ADMINISTRATION I (3 cr.)
Teaches the principles of organization and administration of law enforcement agencies. Studies the management of line operations, staff and auxiliary services, investigative and juvenile units. Introduces the concept of data processing; examines policies, procedures, rules, and regulations pertaining to crime prevention. Surveys concepts of protection of life and property, detection of offenses, and apprehension of offenders. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ADJ 112 LAW ENFORCEMENT ORGANIZATION & ADMINISTRATION II (3 cr.)
Teaches the principles of organization and administration of law enforcement agencies. Studies the management of line operations, staff and auxiliary services, investigative and juvenile units. Introduces the concept of data processing; examines policies, procedures, rules, and regulations pertaining to crime prevention. Surveys concepts of protection of life and property, detection of offenses, and apprehension of offenders. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: divisional approval or ADJ 111.

ADJ 130 INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL LAW (3 cr.)
Surveys the general principals of American criminal law, the elements of major crimes, and the basic steps of prosecution procedure. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ADJ 131 LEGAL EVIDENCE (3 cr.)
Surveys the identification, degrees, and admissibility of evidence for criminal prosecution; examines pre-trial and trial procedures as they pertain to the rules of evidence. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ADJ 100.

ADJ 140 INTRODUCTION TO CORRECTIONS (3 cr.)
Focuses on societal responses to the offender. Traces the evolution of practices based on philosophies of retribution, deterrence, and rehabilitation. Reviews contemporary correctional activities and their relationships to other aspects of the criminal justice system.

ADJ 145 CORRECTIONS AND THE COMMUNITY (3 cr.)
Studies and evaluates the relationships and interactions between correctional organizations and free society. Focuses on the shared responsibility of the community and corrections agencies to develop effective programs for management and treatment of criminal offenders.

ADJ 146 ADULT CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS (3 cr.)
Describes the structures, function, and goals of state and federal correctional institutions (prisons, farms, community-based units, etc.) for adult inmates. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ADJ 201 CRIMINOLOGY (3 cr.)
Studies current and historical data pertaining to criminal and other deviant behavior. Examines theories that explain crime and criminal behavior in human society. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ADJ 228 NARCOTICS AND DANGEROUS DRUGS (3 cr.)
Surveys the historical and current usage of narcotics and dangerous drugs. Teaches the identification and classification of such drugs and emphasizes the symptoms and effects on their users. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in law enforcement efforts against illicit drug usage. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ADJ 234 TERRORISM AND COUNTER- TERRORISM (3 cr.)
Surveys the historical and current practices of terrorism that are national, transnational, or domestic in origin. Includes biological, chemical, nuclear, and cyber-terrorism. Teaches the identification and classification of terrorist organizations, violent political groups and issue- oriented militant movements. Examines investigative methods and procedures utilized in counter terrorist efforts domestically and internationally. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ADJ 236 PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION (3 cr.)
Surveys the fundamentals of criminal investigation procedures and techniques. Examines crime scene search, collecting, handling and preserving of evidence. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ADJ 237 ADVANCED CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION (3 cr.)
Introduces specialized tools and scientific aids used in criminal investigation. Applies investigative techniques to specific situations and preparation of trial evidence. Prerequisite ADJ 236 or division approval. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ADJ 236.

ADJ 280 CAPSTONE PROJECT (1 cr.)
Provides a capstone research project for the final semester of the program, focusing inquiry upon an area of interest to the student or area relevant to the student’s prospective career field. May include problem based research topics, internships, or other focused projects. Lecture 1 hour per week. Co-requisite: ADJ 236 or equivalent.

AGRICULTURE (AGR)

AGR 141 INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (4 cr.)
Introduction to the science and technology involved in sustainable animal production and management practices. Beef, sheep, horses, dairy, swine, goats, and poultry included with emphasis on practical experiences in laboratory and farm settings. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours per week. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AGR 142 INTRODUCTION TO PLANT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (3 cr.)
To introduce students to plant science, ecology, plant morphology, plant and soil relations and energy conversions. Students will survey agricultural crops and their importance to the economy. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours per week. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AGR 143 INTRODUCTION TO AGRIBUSINESS AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Introduction to agriculture’s importance to society and ways to start a farm or agribusiness. Evaluate forms of business including cooperatives and create financial statements and reports necessary for routine accounting and tax preparation. Decision making using financial tools including budgets and time value of money. Explore retirement, transition planning, personal financial management, and capital acquisition techniques. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours per week. Total 4hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AGR 144 AGRICULTURE HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Principles and management practices utilized to attract, retain and motivate agricultural employees. Emphasis will be placed on interviewing techniques, employer/ employee relationships, motivation theory, legal issues, safety, and environmental concerns. Team building and interpersonal skills are developed through activities and cases. Diversity and cultural differences are explored as they apply to human resource compliance and performance issues. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AGR 205 SOIL FERTILITY AND MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Studies the factors influencing soil productivity with emphasis upon fertilizer materials from production to application. Discusses time, sources, and soil acidity. Presents soil testing techniques, interpretation of soil tests, and the addition of nutrients to correct or prevent deficiencies. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AGR 231 AGRIBUSINESS MARKETING, RISK MANAGEMENT, AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP (3 cr.)
Marketing techniques required to create an effective marketing plan addressing product, price, place, promotion, and people considerations of an agribusiness. Emphasis on unique aspects of agricultural products and risk management including price fluctuations and biosecurity. Student projects explore entrepreneurship and create marketing plans for a proposed farm or agribusiness. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AGR 232 PROFESSIONAL SELLING FOR AGRIBUSINESS (3 cr.)
Explore sales and marketing careers in the agricultural industry. Analyze customer’s personality profile and needs to formulate an effective value-based sales presentation. Psychology of personality styles, buyer motivation, and conflict resolution is considered. Students research agricultural customer and product to make a realistic sales call with actual sales professionals. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AGR 233 FOOD PRODUCTION, SAFETY, BIOSECURITY, AND QUALITY CONTROL (3 cr.)
Explore food production practices and their influence on food product quality, nutrition, and safety. Develop biosecurity and quality control practices including analytical methods for tracking and reporting. Included agricultural topics of equipment, packaging, laws, regulations, standards, and financial sources for on-farm and small-scale processing. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AGR 234 CHEMICAL APPLICATION AND PEST MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Proper application of pesticides and other agricultural chemicals used in landscape and turf management and in production agriculture; including application methods, equipment calibration and configuration, occupational health and safety, and pesticide laws and regulations. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AGR 241 AGRICULTURAL POLICY, LEADERSHIP, & PROFESSIONAL SERVICE (3 cr.)
Enhance personal and professional leadership skills to build consensus and collaboratively solve agricultural issues. Track agricultural issues impacted by the Virginia legislative process. Explore membership, professional service, and leadership opportunities in agricultural organizations and ways to influence the legislative process. Reinforce written and oral communications skills. . Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AGR 242 ANIMAL PRODUCTION, PRODUCTS AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES (3 cr.)
Manage production and marketing of livestock enterprises including cattle, swine, sheep, poultry, goats, fish and other specialty animal enterprises. Principles of nutrition, reproduction, economics, and breeding and selection as well as opportunities for diversifying income on small to medium size operations are emphasized. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AGR 244 AGRICULTURAL ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOLUTIONS (3 cr.)
Explore agricultural and other renewable energy solutions capable of reducing farm and agribusiness reliance on external energy production and increase profitability by diversifying income through energy production enterprises. Basic electrical and chemical concepts are introduced as well as energy conservation techniques. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AIR CONDITIONING, HEATING, VENTILATION, & REFRIGERATION (AIR)

AIR 117 METAL LAYOUT I (3 cr.)
Presents measuring and gauging of sheet metal, types of metal, handling sheet metal, cutting and bending, and layout. Teaches fundamentals of drafting, basic drawing instruments, lettering practices. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 2 or above and MTT Modules 1-3.

AIR 121 AIR CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION I (4 cr.)
Studies refrigeration theory, characteristics of refrigerants, temperature, and pressure, tools and equipment, soldering, brazing, refrigeration systems, system components, compressors, evaporators, metering devices. Presents charging and evaluation of systems and leak detection. Explores servicing the basic system. Explains use and care of oils and additives and trouble-shooting of small commercial systems. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 2 or above and MTT Modules 1-3.

AIR 134 CIRCUITS AND CONTROLS I (4 cr.)
Presents circuit diagrams for air conditioning units, reading and drawing of circuit diagrams, types of electrical controls. Includes analysis of air conditioning circuits, components, analysis and characteristics of circuits and controls, testing and servicing. Introduces electricity for air conditioning which includes circuit elements, direct current circuits and motors, single and three-phase circuits and motors, power distribution systems, and protective devices. Studies the electron and its behavior in passive and active circuits and components. Demonstrates electronic components and circuits as applied to air conditioning system. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

AIR 154 HEATING SYSTEMS I (3 cr.)
Introduces types of fuels and their characteristics of combustion; types, components and characteristics of burners, and burner efficiency analyzers. Studies forced air heating systems including troubleshooting, preventive maintenance and servicing. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

AIR 190 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (1 cr.)
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: AIR 121, AIR 134, AIR 235.

AIR 235 HEAT PUMPS (3 cr.)
Studies theory and operation of reverse cycle refrigeration including supplementary heat as applied to heat pump systems, including service, installation and maintenance. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2hours. Total 4 hours per week.

AIR 238 ADVANCED TROUBLESHOOTING AND SERVICE (3 cr.)
Presents advanced service techniques on wide variety of equipment used in refrigeration, air conditioning, and phases of heating and ventilation and controls. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4-6 hours per week. Prerequisite AIR 121, AIR 134, AIR 154 & AIR 235.

AIR 253 AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS III (3 cr.)
Presents air balancing including taking duct pressure readings, finding register and grille CFM's, fans, laws and their applications. Explores instruments used for air balancing and proper procedures. Studies water-cooled and air- cooled condensers, refrigerant piping design, capacity control, air washers, water and steam piping arrangements. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

 

ARABIC (ARA)

ARA 101 BEGINNING ARABIC (5 cr.)
Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic Arabic sentence structure. Discusses the diversity of cultures in the Arab world. Part I of II. Lecture 4-5 hours per week.

ARA 102 BEGINNING ARABIC II (5 cr.)
Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic Arabic sentence structure. Discusses the diversity of cultures in the Arab world. Part II of II. Lecture 4-5 hours per week.

ARTS (ART)

ART 101 HISTORY AND APPRECIATION OF ART I (3 cr.)
Presents the history and interpretation of architecture, sculpture, and painting. Begins with prehistoric art and follows the development of western civilization to the present. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. May be taken out of sequence.

ART 102 HISTORY AND APPRECIATION OF ART II (3 cr.)
Presents the history and interpretation of architecture, sculpture, and painting. Begins with prehistoric art and follows the development of western civilization to the present. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. May be taken out of sequence.

ART 121 DRAWING I (3 cr.)
Develops basic drawing skills and understanding of visual language through studio instruction/lecture. Introduces concepts such as proportion, space, perspective, tone and composition as applied to still life, landscape and the figure. Uses drawing media such as pencil, charcoal, ink wash and color media. Includes field trips and gallery assignments as appropriate. Part I of II. Lecture 1 hour. Studio instruction 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

ART 122 DRAWING II (3 cr.)
Develops basic drawing skills and understanding of visual language through studio instruction/lecture. Introduces concepts such as proportion, space, perspective, tone and composition as applied to still life, landscape and the figure. Uses drawing media such as pencil, charcoal, ink wash and color media. Includes field trips and gallery assignments as appropriate. Part II of II. Lecture 1 hour. Studio instruction 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

ART 241 PAINTING I (3 cr.)
Introduces abstract and representational painting in acrylic and/or oil with emphasis on color composition and value. Prerequisites ART 122 or divisional approval. Part I of II. Lecture 1 hour. Studio instruction 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

ART 242 PAINTING II (3 cr.)
Introduces abstract and representational painting in acrylic and/or oil with emphasis on color composition and value. Prerequisites: ART 241 or divisional approval. Part II of II. Lecture 1 hour. Studio instruction 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

ART 283 COMPUTER GRAPHICS I (4 cr.)
Utilizes microcomputers and software to produce computer graphics. Employs techniques learned to solve studio projects which reinforce instruction and are appropriate for portfolio use. Prerequisites: ITE 115 or ITE 119. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Studio instruction 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

ART 284 COMPUTER GRAPHICS II (4 cr.)
Utilizes microcomputers and software to produce computer graphics. Employs techniques learned to solve studio projects which reinforce instruction and are appropriate for portfolio use. Prerequisites: ITE 115 or ITE 119. Part II of II. Lecture 2 hours. Studio instruction 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE (ASL)

ASL 101 AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE I (4 cr.)
Introduces the fundamentals of American Sign Language (ASL) used by the Deaf Community, including basic vocabulary, syntax, finger-spelling, and grammatical non-manual signals. Focuses on communicative competence. Develops gestural skills as a foundation for ASL enhancement. Introduces cultural knowledge and increases understanding of The Deaf Community. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

ASL 102 AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE II (4 cr.)
Introduces the fundamentals of American Sign Language (ASL) used by the Deaf Community, including basic vocabulary, syntax, fingerspelling, and grammatical non-manual signals. Focuses on communicative competence. Develops gestural skills as a foundation for ASL enhancement. Introduces cultural knowledge and increases understanding of the Deaf Community. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT TECHNOLOGY (AST)

AST 101 KEYBOARDING I (3 cr.)
Teaches the alpha/numeric keyboard with emphasis on correct techniques, speed, and accuracy. Teaches formatting of basic personal and business correspondence, reports, and tabulation. A laboratory co-requisite (AST 103) may be required. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

AST 102 KEYBOARDING II (3 cr.)
Develops keyboarding and document production skills with emphasis on preparation of specialized business documents. Continues skill-building for speed and accuracy. Prerequisite AST 101. A laboratory co- requisite (AST 104) may be required. Lecture 3 hours per week.

AST 117 KEYBOARDING FOR COMPUTER USAGE (1 cr.)
Teaches the alphabetic keyboard and 10-key pad. Develops correct keying techniques. Lecture 1 hour per week.

AST 141 WORD PROCESSING (SPECIFY SOFTWARE) (3 cr.)
Teaches creating and editing documents, including line and page layouts, columns, fonts, search/replace, cut/paste, spell/thesaurus, and advanced editing and formatting features of word processing software. Prerequisite AST 101 or equivalent. A laboratory co-requisite (AST 144) may be required. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ITE 115.

AST 154 VOICE RECOGNITION APPLICATIONS (SPECIFY SOFTWARE) (1 cr.)
Teaches the computer user to use the voice as an input device to compose documents and to give commands directly to the computer. Lecture 1 hour per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite;

AST 171 INTRODUCTION TO CALL CENTER SERVICES (3 cr.)
Introduces concepts and skills needed to be an effective customer service representative for a telephone service operation. Covers call center theory and technology, interpersonal communication skills, customer relations attitudes, telecommunications techniques, and professional procedures to handle a variety of customer service sales requests. Lecture 3 hours per week.

AST 238 WORD PROCESSING ADVANCED OPERATIONS (3 cr.)
Teaches advanced word processing features including working with merge files, macros, and graphics; develops competence in the production of complex documents. A laboratory co-requisite (AST 239) may be required. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: AST 102, AST 141, ITE 115.

AST 243 - OFFICE ADMINISTRATION I (3 cr.)
Develops an understanding of the administrative support role and the skills necessary to provide organizational and technical support in a contemporary office setting. Emphasizes the development of critical-thinking, problem-solving, and job performance skills in a business office environment. Prerequisite AST 101. ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite; Lecture 3 hours per week.

AST 244 OFFICE ADMINISTRATION II (3 cr.)
Enhances skills necessary to provide organizational and technical support in a contemporary office setting. Emphasizes administrative and supervisory role of the office professional. Includes travel and meeting planning, office budgeting and financial procedures, international issues, and career development. Prerequisite AST 243 or equivalent. ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite; Lecture 3 hours per week.

AST 245 MEDICAL MACHINE TRANSCRIPTION (3 cr.)
Develops machine transcription skills, integrating operation of transcribing equipment with understanding of medical terminology. Emphasizes dictation techniques and accurate transcription of medical documents in prescribed formats. Prerequisite AST 102 or equivalent. A laboratory co- requisite (AST 246) may be required. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: HLT 143.

AST 260 PRESENTATION SOFTWARE (SPECIFY SOFTWARE) (3 cr.)
Teaches creation of slides including use of text, clip art, and graphs. Includes techniques for enhancing presentations with on- screen slide show as well as printing to transparencies and hand-outs. Incorporates use of sound and video clips. A laboratory co-requisite (AST 261) may be required. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite; ITE 115.

AST 271 MEDICAL OFFICE PROCEDURES I (3 cr.)
Covers medical office procedures, records management, preparation of medical reports, and other medical documents. Co-requisite AST 102 or equivalent. ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite; Lecture 3 hours per week.

AUTO BODY (AUB)

AUB 106 BASIC SHEET METAL OPERATIONS (4 cr.)
Teaches the use of metal straightening tools, basic straightening operations, shrinking, filling, and sheet metal damage and repair procedures. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

AUB 116 AUTO BODY REPAIR (4 cr.)
Teaches collision straightening procedures and use of equipment, planning repair procedures, disassembly techniques, body fastening systems, glass removal and replacement and panel repair and alignment. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. AUB 118 AUTOMOTIVE PAINT PREPARATION (4 cr.)
Teaches auto body preparation for painting, using the materials, processes, and equipment required to prepare metal and old finishes. Includes sanding, cleaning, solvents, special materials, fillers and primers. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

AUB 119 AUTOMOTIVE PAINTING (4 cr.)
Teaches theory and application of painting and the use of painting equipment and materials including paints, thinners, primers, rubbing compounds and cleaners. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

AUB 290 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (3 cr.)
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit.

AUTOMOTIVE (AUT)

AUT 109 APPLIED MATHEMATICS FOR AUTOMOTIVE TECHNICIANS (3 cr.)
Introduces arithmetic skills, conversion of units, consumer mathematics, solution of linear algebraic expression, and the solving of applied problems in torque, horse-power, and piston displacement. Lecture 3 hours per week.

AUT 111 AUTOMOTIVE ENGINES I (3 cr.)
Presents analysis of power, cylinder condition, valves and bearings in the automotive engine to establish the present condition, repairs or adjustments. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 2 or above and MTT Modules 1-3.

AUT 112 AUTOMOTIVE ENGINES II (3 cr.)
Presents analysis of power, cylinder condition, valves and bearings in the automotive engine to establish the present condition, repairs or adjustments. Part II of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 2 or above and MTT Modules 1-3.

AUT 113 CYLINDER BLOCK SERVICE I (3 cr.)
Studies basic cylinder block reconditioning, including boring, re-sleeving, line-boring and deck resurfacing. Includes repair techniques for damaged block and cylinder head castings to include cold welding, brazing, welding and epoxy. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 2 or above and MTT Modules 1-3.

AUT 114 CYLINDER HEAD SERVICE II (3 cr.)
Studies cylinder head reconditioning, including valve seat grinding, re-facing valves, servicing valve guides, valve seat inserts, cutting for valve seals and spring, thread repair and resurfacing mating surfaces. Prerequisite AUT 113. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

AUT 120 INTRODUCTION TO AUTOMOTIVE MACHINE SHOP (3 cr.)
Introduces automotive machining operations emphasizing shop safety and the safe use of machine shop tools. Surveys basic machining operations and specialized auto machining techniques necessary for reconditioning engine and chassis components. Requires basic set of machinist’s hand tools. Prerequisite or co- requisite for all other machinist courses. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 2 or above and MTT Modules 1-3.

AUT 121 AUTOMOTIVE FUEL SYSTEMS I (3 cr.)
Analyses major domestic and foreign automotive fuel systems to include carburetors and fuel injection systems. Includes detailed inspection and discussion of fuel tanks, connecting lines, instruments, filters, fuel pumps, superchargers, and turbo charger. Also includes complete diagnosis, troubleshooting, overhaul and factory adjustment procedures of all major carbureted and fuel injection systems. Lecture 2 hours. Lab 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

AUT 125 ANTI-POLLUTION SYSTEMS (3 cr.)
Studies various anti-pollution systems used on modern automobiles, installation, inspection, repair and service. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

AUT 161 AUTOMOTIVE DIAGNOSIS I (3 cr.)
Introduces principles of automotive maintenance using modern diagnostic methods. Uses theory and laboratory experiments designed to explain and illustrate scientific basis of modern electronic and mechanical diagnostic procedures. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. MTT Modules 1-3.

AUT 162 AUTOMOTIVE DIAGNOSIS II (3 cr.)
Introduces principles of automotive maintenance using modern diagnostic methods. Uses theory and laboratory experiments designed to explain and illustrate scientific basis of modern electronic and mechanical diagnostic procedures. Part II of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 2 or above and MTT Modules 1-3.

AUT 165 AUTO DIAGNOSIS AND TUNE-UP (2 cr.)
Presents the techniques for diagnosis of malfunctions in systems of the automobile. Uses dynamometers, oscilloscopes and other specialized diagnostic and testing equipment. Demonstrates tune-up of conventional and rotary engines. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

AUT 190 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (1 cr.)
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit.

AUT 215 EMISSIONS SYSTEMS DIAGNOSIS AND REPAIR (2 cr.)
Presents logical diagnostic paths to identify vehicle HC-CO, O2, and NOx failure areas, teaches a progression of failure detection from most likely to more complex causes. Emphasizes use of infrared analyzer and manufacturer’s specified adjustments. Lecture 2 hours per week.

AUT 236 AUTOMOTIVE CLIMATE CONTROL (4 cr.)
Introduces principles of refrigeration, air conditioning controls, and adjustment and general servicing of automotive air conditioning systems. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

AUT 241 AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICITY I (3 cr.)
Introduces electricity and magnetism, symbols and circuitry as applied to the alternators, regulators, starters, lighting systems, instruments and gauges and accessories. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

AUT 242 AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICITY II (3 cr.)
Introduces electricity and magnetism, symbols and circuitry as applied to the alternators, regulators, starters, lighting systems, instruments and gauges and accessories. Part II of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4-6 hours per week.

AUT 245 AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRONICS (3 cr.)
Introduces field of electronics as it applies to the modern automobile. Emphasizes basic circuit operation, diagnosis and repair of digital indicator and warning systems. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week.

AUT 265 AUTOMOTIVE BRAKING SYSTEMS (3 cr.)
Presents operation, design, construction, repair, and servicing of braking system, including Anti- Lock Brake Systems (ABS). Explains uses of tools and test equipment, evaluation of test results, estimation of repair cost for power, standard and disc brakes. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

AUT 266 AUTO ALIGNMENT, SUSPENSION AND STEERING (3 cr.)
Introduces use of alignment equipment in diagnosing, adjusting, and repairing front and rear suspensions. Deals with repair and servicing of power and standard steering systems. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 7 hours per week.

AUT 275 SHOP MANAGEMENT (2 cr.)
Studies shop layout, personnel management, cost analysis record keeping and quality control. Discusses shop manager, service salesman, and service writer’s roles in customer relations. Lecture 2 hours per week.

BROADCASTING (BCS)

BCS 110 FUNDAMENTALS IN VIDEO PRODUCTION (4 cr.)
Studies the use of video equipment and the application of production techniques and aesthetics in electronic media, and develops fundamental production skills through hands on experience with cameras, video tape records, video switcher, graphic computers, and lighting instruments. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

BCS 299 SUPERVISED STUDY (1 cr.)
Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours. 1-5 credits.

BIOLOGY (BIO)

BIO 101 GENERAL BIOLOGY I (4 cr.)
Explores fundamental characteristics of living matter from the molecular level to the ecological community with emphasis on general biological principles. Introduces the diversity of living organisms, their structure, function and evolution. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and lab 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. MTT Modules 1-3.

BIO 102 GENERAL BIOLOGY II (4 cr.)
Explores fundamental characteristics of living matter from the molecular level to the ecological community with emphasis on general biological principles. Introduces the diversity of living organisms, their structure, function and evolution. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and lab 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: BIO 101.

BIO 107 BIOLOGY OF THE ENVIRONMENT (4 cr.)
Presents the basic concepts of environmental science through a topical approach. Includes the scientific method, population growth and migration, use of natural resources and waste management, ecosystem simplification recovery, evolution, biogeochemical cycles, photosynthesis and global warming, geological formations, atmosphere and climate, and ozone depletion and acid deposition. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 110 GENERAL BOTANY (4 cr.)
Emphasizes plant life cycles, anatomy, morphology, taxonomy, and evolution. Considers the principles of genetics, ecology, and physiology. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 120 GENERAL ZOOLOGY (4 cr.)
Presents basic biological principles, and emphasizes structure, physiology and evolutionary relationships of invertebrates and vertebrates. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 141 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I (4 cr.)
Integrates anatomy and physiology of cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body. Integrates concepts of chemistry, physics, and pathology. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 142 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II (4 cr.)
Integrates anatomy and physiology of cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the human body. Integrates concepts of chemistry, physics, and pathology. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 205 GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY (4 cr.)
Examines morphology, genetics, physiology, ecology, and control of microorganisms. Emphasizes application of microbiological techniques to selected fields. Prerequisites one year of college biology and one year of college chemistry or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

BIO 256 GENERAL GENETICS (4cr.)
Explores the principles of genetics ranging from classical Mendelian inheritance to the most recent advances in the biochemical nature and function of the gene. Includes experimental design and statistical analysis. Prerequisite BIO 101-102 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

BIO 270 GENERAL ECOLOGY (4 cr.)
Studies interrelationships between organisms and their natural and cultural environments with emphasis on populations, communities, and ecosystems. Prerequisite BIO 101-102 or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours. Recitation and laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

BUILDING (BLD)

BLD 105 SHOP PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES (3 cr.)
Introduces basic hand and power tools with emphasis on proper care and safety practices. Introduces materials used in building trades including metals, plastics, and woods with stress placed on the processing techniques of each. Emphasizes fasteners such as screws, rivets, and glues as well as brazed, soldered and welded joints. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

BLD 111 BLUEPRINT READING AND THE BUILDING CODE (3 cr.)
Introduces reading and interpreting various kinds of blueprints and working drawings with reference to local, state, and national building codes. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

BLD 135 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION CARPENTRY (3 cr.)
Presents woodworking technologies in carpentry. Introduces types of framing and building materials and equipment used in residential and light commercial construction. Emphasizes the development of skills in the safe use of hand and machine woodworking tools and development of construction terminology. Includes laboratory involvement in wall framing and carpentry practices. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

BLD 140 PRINCIPLES OF PLUMBING TRADE I (3 cr.)
Studies the plumbing trade, the structure of the plumbing trade, apprenticeship standards, job safety, tools of the trade, the approved installation of plumbing materials, types of sanitary drainage pipe and piping layout of sanitary plumbing. Lecture 3 hours per week.

BLD 147 PRINCIPLES OF BLOCK AND BRICKLAYING I (3 cr.)
Presents fundamentals of masonry practices. Includes foundations, block laying skills, mortar mixing, measuring, and introduction to bricklaying techniques. Emphasizes hands-on applications of block and brick techniques. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

BLD 148 PRINCIPLES OF BLOCK AND BRICKLAYING I (3 cr.)
Studies skills involved in block and bricklaying, including corners, windows, arches, and decorative work. Emphasizes developing speed and accuracy with materials. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION (BUS)

BUS 100 INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS (3 cr.)
Presents a broad introduction to the functioning of business enterprise within the U.S. economic framework. Introduces economic systems, essential elements of business organization, production, and human resource management, marketing, finance, and risk management. Develops business vocabulary. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

BUS 110 BUSINESS PROTOCOL (3 cr.)
Presents basic business etiquette, customs and protocol for individuals desiring to succeed in the global business environment. Presents information on new manners relating to diversity, plurality, family values, sexual freedom, substance abuse, and hiring and firing practices. Discusses dress, language, communication traditions, socializing, traveling and meeting protocol. Lecture 3 hours per week.

BUS 111 PRINCIPLES OF SUPERVISION I (3 cr.)
Teaches fundamentals of supervision, including primary responsibilities of the supervisor. Introduces factors relating to work of supervisor and subordinates. Covers aspects of leadership, job management, work improvement, training and orientation, performance evaluation, and effective employee/supervisor relationships. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

BUS 112 PRINCIPLES OF SUPERVISION II (3 cr.)
Develops skills in carrying out the responsibilities of supervisor including interviewing, evaluating and disciplining, and problem-solving techniques. Prerequisite BUS 111. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

BUS 116 ENTREPRENEURSHIP (3 cr.)
Presents the various steps considered necessary when going into business. Includes areas such as product-service analysis, market research evaluation, setting up books, ways to finance startup, operations of the business, development of business plans, buyouts versus starting from scratch, and franchising. Uses problems and cases to demonstrate implementation of these techniques. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

BUS 125 APPLIED BUSINESS MATHEMATICS (3 cr.)
Applies mathematical operations to business process and problems such as wages and payroll, sales and property taxes, check-book records and bank reconciliation, depreciation, overhead, distribution of profit and loss in partnerships, distribution of corporate dividends, commercial discounts, markup, markdown, simple interest, present values, bank discount notes, multiple payment plans, compound interest, annuities, sinking funds, and amortization. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTH 130 or division approval.

BUS 149 WORKPLACE ETHICS (1 cr.)
Provides a broad overview of ethics in the modern day business world including workforce skill building and self-awareness through group discussions. Discusses workplace topics such as diversity, substance abuse, hiring and firing and workplace practices, appropriate dress, communication, business ethics, and interviewing. Lecture 1 hour per week.

BUS 160 LEGAL ASPECTS OF SMALL BUSINESS OPERATIONS (1 cr.)
Covers the functional areas of business law, specifically as it applies to small business. Provides the students with a working knowledge of business contracts, agency relationships, and product liability. Provides a knowledge base for small business owners to overcome problems that are individually within their abilities. Covers selection of professional assistance for problems of a more serious nature. Lecture 1 hour per week.

BUS 165 SMALL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Identifies management concerns unique to small businesses. Introduces the requirements necessary to initiate a small business, and identifies the elements comprising a business plan. Presents information establishing financial and administrative controls, developing a marketing strategy, managing business operations, and the legal and government relationships specific to small businesses. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

BUS 190 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (3 cr.)
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. HOPE would require 75 contact hours in the internship.

BUS 200 PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Teaches management and the management functions of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Focuses on application of management principles to realistic situations managers encounter as they attempt to achieve organizational objectives. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

BUS 205 HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Introduces employment, selection, and placement of personnel, forecasting, job analysis, job descriptions, training methods and programs, employee evaluation systems, compensation, benefits, and labor relations. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

BUS 234 SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Examines the process of planning, organizing, and controlling the flow of materials and services from supplier to end users/ customers. Focuses on coordinating supply management, operations and integrated logistics into a seamless pipeline to maintain a continual flow of products and services. Lecture 3 hours per week.

BUS 241 BUSINESS LAW I (3 cr.)
Develops a basic understanding of the US business legal environment. Introduces property and contract law, agency and partnership liability, and government regulatory law. Students will be able to apply these legal principles to landlord/tenant disputes, consumer rights issues, employment relationships, and other business transactions. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

BUS 255 INVENTORY AND WAREHOUSE MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Emphasizes the relationships of inventory and warehouse management to customer service and profitability of the wholesale distributor. Focuses on the role of computerized systems and resulting information for effective management of inventory and the warehouse under various conditions. Lecture 3 hours per week.

BUS 280 INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS I (3 cr.)
Studies the problems, challenges, and opportunities which arise when business operations or organizations transcend national boundaries. Examines the functions of international business in the economy, international and transnational marketing, production, and financial operations. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

BUS 290 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (3 cr.)
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Lecture 3 hours per week.

CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT (CHD)

CHD 118 LANGUAGE ARTS FOR YOUNG CHILDREN (3 cr.)
Presents techniques and methods for encouraging the development of language and perceptional skills in young children. Stresses improvement of vocabulary, speech and methods to stimulate discussion. Surveys children’s literature, examines elements of quality storytelling and story reading, and stresses the use of audio- visual materials. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

CHD 120 INTRODUCTION TO EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION (3 cr.)
Introduces early childhood development through activities and experiences in nursery, pre-kindergarten, kindergarten, and primary programs. Investigates classroom organization and procedures, and use of classroom time and materials, approaches to education for young children, professionalism, and curricular procedures. Lecture 3 hours per week.

CHD 145 TEACHING ART, MUSIC AND MOVEMENT TO CHILDREN (3 cr.)
Focuses on children's exploration, play, and creative expression in the areas of art, music, and movement. Emphasis will be on developing strategies for using various open- ended media representing a range of approaches in creative thinking. Addresses strategies for intervention and support for exceptional children and English Language Learners. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

CHD 146 - MATH, SCIENCE, AND SOCIAL STUDIES FOR CHILDREN (3 cr.)
Provides experiences in content, methods, and materials for the development of math, science, and social studies skills in children. Emphasis will be on developing strategies for using various resources to facilitate children's construction of knowledge. Addresses strategies for intervention and support for children with special needs and English Language Learners. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

CHD 165 OBSERVATION AND PARTICIPATION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD/PRIMARY SETTING (3 cr.)
Observes and participates in early childhood settings such as child care centers, pre-schools, Montessori schools or public schools in Kindergarten through 3rd grade levels. Students spend one hour each week in a seminar session in addition to 60 clock hours in the field. May be taken again for credit. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

CHD 166 - INFANT AND TODDLER PROGRAMS (3 cr.)
Examines child growth and development from birth to 36 months. Focuses on development in the physical, cognitive, social, emotional, and language domains. Emphasizes the importance of the environment and relationships for healthy brain development during the child's first three years of life. Investigates regulatory standards for infant/ toddler care giving. Lecture 3 hours per week.

CHD 205 GUIDING THE BEHAVIOR OF CHILDREN (3cr.)
Explores positive ways to build self-esteem in children and help them develop self-control. Presents practical ideas for encouraging pro-social behavior in children and emphasizes basic skills and techniques in-group management. Lecture 3 hours per week.

CHD 210 INTRODUCTION TO EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN (3 cr.)
Reviews the history of education for exceptional children. Studies the characteristics associated with exceptional children. Explores positive techniques for managing behavior and adapting materials for classroom use. Lecture 3 hours per week.

CHD 216 - EARLY CHILDHOOD PROGRAMS, SCHOOL, AND SOCIAL CHANGE (3 cr.)
Explores methods of developing positive, effective relations with families to enhance their developmental goals for children. Considers culture and other diverse needs, perspectives, and abilities of families and educators. Emphasizes advocacy and public policy awareness as an important role of early childhood educators. Describes risk factors and identifies community resources. Lecture 3 hours per week.

CHD 265 OBSER. AND PART, IN EARLY CH/PRIMARY SETTINGS (3 cr.)
Observes and participates in early childhood settings such as child care centers, pre-school, Montessori schools, or public school settings (kindergarten through third grade). Emphasizes planning and implementation of appropriate activities and materials for children. Students will spend one hour each week in a seminar session in addition to 60 clock hours in the field. May be taken again for credit. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

CHD 270 ADMINISTRATION OF EARLY CHILDCARE PROGRAMS (3 cr.)
Examines the skills needed for establishing and managing early childhood programs. Emphasizes professionalism and interpersonal skills, program planning, staff selection and development, creating policies, budgeting, and developing forms for record keeping. Lecture 3 hours per week.

CHEMISTRY (CHM)

CHM 110 SURVEY OF CHEMISTRY (3 cr.)
Introduces the basic concepts of general, organic, and biochemistry with emphasis on their applications to other disciplines. No previous chemistry background required. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 2 or above, MTT Modules 1-3.

CHM 111 COLLEGE CHEMISTRY I (4 cr.)
Explores the fundamental laws, theories, and mathematical concepts of chemistry. Designed primarily for science and engineering majors. Requires a strong background in mathematics. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

CHM 112 COLLEGE CHEMISTRY II (4 cr.)
Explores the fundamental laws, theories, and mathematical concepts of chemistry. Designed primarily for science and engineering majors. Requires a strong background in mathematics. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: CHM 111.

CHM 241 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I (3 cr.)
Introduces fundamental chemistry of carbon compounds, including structures, physical properties, syntheses, and typical reactions. Emphasizes reaction Mechanisms. Co-requisite CHM 243, Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: CHM 112.

CHM 242 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (3 cr.)
Introduces fundamental chemistry of carbon compounds, including structures, physical properties, syntheses, and typical reactions. Emphasizes reaction mechanisms. Co-requisite CHM 244. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: CHM 241.

CHM 243 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I (1cr.)
Is taken concurrently with CHM 241 and CHM 242. Part I of II Laboratory 3 hours per week.

CHM 244 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LABORATORY II (1 cr.)
Is taken concurrently with CHM 241 and CHM 242. Part II of II Laboratory 3 hours per week.

CHINESE (CHI)

CHI 101 BEGINNING CHINESE I (5 cr.)
Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills; emphasizes basic Chinese sentence structure. Prerequisite: Part I of II. Lecture 5 hours per week.

CHI 102 BEGINNING CHINESE II (5 cr.)
Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills; emphasizes basic Chinese sentence structure. Prerequisite: CHI 101 Part II of II. Lecture 5 hours per week.

COMMUNICATION STUDIES AND THEATRE

(CST) CST 110 INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION (2-3 cr.)
Examines the elements affecting speech communication at the individual, small group and public communication levels with emphasis on practice of communication at each level. Lecture 2- 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 2.

CST 130 INTRODUCTION TO THE THEATRE (3 cr.)
Surveys the principles of drama, the development of theatre production, and selected plays to acquaint the student with various types of theatrical presentations. Lecture 3 hours per week.

CST 131 ACTING I (3 cr.)
Develops personal resources and explores performance skills through such activities as theatre games, role playing, improvisation, work on basic script units, and performance of scenes. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

CST 132 ACTING II (3 cr.)
Develops personal resources and explores performance skills through such activities as theatre games, role playing, improvisation, work on basic script units, and performance of scenes. Part II of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

CST 136 THEATRE WORKSHOP (3 cr.)
Enables students to work in various activities of play production. The student participates in performance, set design, stage carpentry, sound, costuming, lighting, stage-managing, props, promotion, or stage crew. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours per week.

CST 227 BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION (3 cr.)
Emphasizes principles and practical application to effective professional oral communication behaviors to include speaking, listening, and relating, and rhetorical sensitivity within professional, business, and organizational contexts. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

CST 231 HISTORY OF THEATRE I (3 cr.)
Analyzes and studies theatre history to include architecture, performers and performance, playwrights, stage, production methods, and audience from the Greeks through modern drama. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

COMPUTER SCIENCE (CSC)

CSC 200 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE (3 cr.)
Provides broad introduction to computer science. Discusses architecture and function of computer hardware, including networks and operating systems, data and instruction representation and data organization. Covers software, algorithms, programming languages and software engineering. Discusses artificial intelligence and theory of computation. Includes a hand-on component. Lecture 3 hours per week.

CSC 201 COMPUTER SCIENCE I (4cr.)
Introduces algorithm and problem solving methods. Emphasizes structured programming concepts, elementary data structures and the study and use of a high level programming language. Co- requisite CSC 200 or equivalent or divisional approval. Lecture 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-5.

CSC 202 - COMPUTER SCIENCE II (4 cr.)
Examines data structures and algorithm analysis. Covers data structures (including sets, strings, stacks, queues, arrays, records, files, linked lists, and trees), abstract data types, algorithm analysis (including searching and sorting methods), and file structures. Prerequisite CSC 201, ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-5. Lecture 4 hours per week.

CSC 205 COMPUTER ORGANIZATION (3 cr.)
Examines the hierarchical structure of computer architecture. Focuses on multi- level machine organization. Uses a simple assembler language to complete programming projects. Includes processors, instruction, execution, addressing techniques, data representation and digital logic. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-5. Lecture 3 hours per week.

COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING & DESIGN (CAD)

CAD 201 COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING AND DESIGN I (3 cr.)
Teaches computer-aided drafting concepts and equipment designed to develop a general understanding of components of a typical CAD system and its operation. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

CAD 202 COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING AND DESIGN II (3 cr.)
Teaches production drawings and advanced operations in computer aided drafting. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-6.

CAD 203 COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING AND DESIGN III (3 cr.)
Teaches advanced CAD applications. Includes customization and/or use of advanced software. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-6.

CAD 232 COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING II (3 cr.)
Teaches advanced operation in computer-aided drafting. Prerequisite: CAD 231. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

CAD 233 COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING III (3 cr.)
Exposes student to 3-D and modeling. Focuses on proficiency in Production drawing using a CAD system. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

CAD 238 COMPUTER-AIDED MODELING AND RENDERING I (3 cr.)
Focuses on training students in the contemporary techniques of 3D modeling, rendering, and animation on the personal computer. Introduces the principles of visualization, sometimes known as photo-realism, which enables the student to create presentation drawings for both architectural and industrial product design. Uses computer animation to produce walk-throughs that will bring the third dimension to architectural designs. Part I of II. Lecture2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

CAD 239 COMPUTER-AIDED MODELING AND RENDERING II (3 cr.)
Focuses on training students in the contemporary techniques of 3D modeling, rendering, and animation on the personal computer. Introduces the principles of visualization, sometimes known as photo-realism, which enables the student to create presentation drawings for both architectural and industrial product design. Uses computer animation to produce walk-throughs that will bring the third dimension to architectural designs. Part II of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

CAD 241 PARAMETRIC SOLID MODELING I (3 cr.)
Focuses on teaching students the design of parts by parametric and solid modeling. Topics covered will include but not be limited to, sketch profiles; geometric and dimensional constraints; 3-D features; model generation by extrusion, revolution and sweep; and the creation of 2-D drawing views that include sections, details and auxiliary. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

CAD 242 PARAMETRIC SOLID MODELING II (3 cr.)
Focuses on teaching students the design of parts by parametric solid modeling. Topics covered will include, but not be limited to, sketch profiles; geometric and dimensional constraints; 3-D features; model generation by extrusion, revolution and sweep; and the creation of 2-D drawing views that include sections, details and auxiliary. Part II of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

CAD 243 PARAMETRIC SOLID MODELING III (3 cr.)
Focuses on teaching students the software for the design of parts and assemblies by means of advanced parametric solid modeling to include advanced mechanical drafting techniques and building mechanical assemblies. Prerequisites: CAD 241, CAD 242 Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

CAD 293 STUDIES IN COMPUTER-AIDED DRAFTING (1-5 cr.)
Covers new content not covered in existing courses in the discipline. Allows instructor to explore content and instructional methods to assess the course's viability as a permanent offering. Variable hours per week.

ECONOMICS (ECO)

ECO 201 PRINCIPLES OF MACROECONOMICS (3 cr.)
Introduces macroeconomics including the study of Keynesian, classical, monetarist principles and theories, the study of national economic growth, inflation, recession, unemployment, financial markets, money and banking, the role of government spending and taxation, along with international trade and investments. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

ECO 202 PRINCIPLES OF MICRO- ECONOMICS (3 cr.)
Introduces the basic concepts of micro- economics. Explores the free market concepts with coverage of economic models and graphs, scarcity and choices, supply and demand, elasticities, marginal benefits and costs, profits, and production and distribution. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

EDUCATION (EDU)

EDU 200 INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING AS A PROFESSION (3 cr.)
Provides an orientation to the teaching profession in Virginia, including historical perspectives, current issues, and future trends in education on the national and state levels. Emphasizes information about teacher licensure examinations, steps to certification, teacher preparation and induction programs, and attention to critical shortage areas in Virginia. Includes supervised field placement (recommended: 40 clock hours) in a K-12 school. Prerequisite: Successful completion of 24 credits of transfer courses. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisites: All Developmental English requirements met.

EDU 235 HEALTH, SAFETY, AND NUTRITIONAL EDUCATION (3 cr.)
Focuses on the health and developmental needs of children and the methods by which these needs are met. Emphasizes positive health, hygiene, nutrition and feeding routines, childhood diseases, and safety issues. Emphasizes supporting the mental and physical wellbeing of children, as well as procedures for reporting child abuse. Lecture 3 hours per week

ENGINEERING (EGR)

EGR 110 ENGINEERING GRAPHICS (3 cr.)
Presents theories and principles of orthographic projection. Studies multiview, pictorial drawings and sketches, geometric construction, sectioning, lettering, tolerancing, dimensioning and auxiliary projections. Studies the analysis and graphic presentation of space relationships of fundamental geometric elements; points, lines, planes and solids. Includes instruction in Computer Aided Drafting. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

EGR 123 INTRODUCTION TO ENGINEERING DESIGN (2 cr.)
Introduces the fundamental knowledge and experience needed to understand the engineering design process through the basics of electrical, computer, and mechanical systems. Includes the completion of a project in which a specific electro- mechanical robot kit will be analyzed, assembled, and operated. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.

EGR 135 STATICS FOR ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY (3 cr.)
Introduces Newton's Laws, resultants and equilibrium of force systems, analysis of trusses and frames. Teaches determination of centroids, distributed loads and moments of inertia. Covers dry friction and force systems in space. Lecture 3 hours per week. 3 credits. Prerequisites MTH 111 or MTH 161 or MTH 162.

EGR 136 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS FOR ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY (3 cr.)
Presents concepts of stress and strain. Focuses on analysis of stresses and deformations in loaded members, connectors, shafts, beams, columns and combined stress. Lecture 3 hours per week.

EGR 216 COMPUTER METHODS IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (3 cr.)
Provides advanced level experience in using a computer as a tool for solving technical problems and performing office functions. Includes computer hardware and operating system usage, structured programming in a selected high level language, use of word processing software, computer graphics and spreadsheets. Focuses on the analysis and solution of problems in engineering and technology. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

EGR 277 DIGITAL LOGIC (3 cr.)
Presents an introduction to digital logic, including such topics as number systems, Boolean algebra, minimization techniques, implementation of digital functions, sequential machines, state diagrams, state tables, and programmable logic devices. Lecture 3 hours per week.

EGR 285 CAPSTONE PROJECT (1 cr.)
Provides a capstone research project for the final semester of the program, focusing inquiry upon an area of interest to the student or area relevant to their prospective career field. May include problem based research topics, internships, or other focused projects. Prerequisite: IND 290. Lecture 1 hour per week.

ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY (ELE)

ELE 110 HOME ELECTRIC POWER (3 cr.)
Covers the fundamentals of residential power distribution, circuits, panels, fuse boxes, breakers, and transformers. Includes study of the national electrical code, purpose and interpretation. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

ELE 113 ELECTRICITY I (3 cr.)
Teaches principles of electricity covering fundamentals, devices and components in both DC and AC circuits. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ELE 115 BASIC ELECTRICITY (3 cr.)
Covers basic circuits and theory of fundamental concepts of electricity. Presents a practical approach to discussion of components and devices. Prerequisite: MTH 02 or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 2 or above and MTT Modules 1-3.

ELE 138 NATIONAL ELECTRIC CODE REVIEW I (3 cr.)
Covers purpose and interpretation of the National Electrical Code as well as various charts, code rulings and wiring methods. Prepares the student to take the journeyman-level exam. Lecture 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: ELE 110.

ELE 156 ELECTRICAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (3 cr.)
Includes troubleshooting and servicing electrical controls, electronic motors, motor controls, motor starters, relays, overloads, instruments and control circuits. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

ELE 233 PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER SYSTEMS I (3 cr.)
Teaches operating and programming of programmable logic controllers. Covers analog and digital interfacing and communication schemes as they apply to system. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite EGR 277 or ETR 168.

EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES (EMS)

EMS 111 EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIAN - BASIC (7 cr.)
Prepares student for certification as a Virginia and National Registry EMT. Focuses on all aspects of pre-hospital basic life support as defined by the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum for Emergency Medical Technician. Co-requisite: EMS-120. Prerequisite: CPR certification at the Health Care Provider level. Lecture 5 hours. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 9 hours per week.

EMS 120 EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIAN- BASIC CLINICAL (1 cr.)
Observes in a program approved clinical/field setting. Includes topics for both EMS 111 and EMS 113, dependent upon the program in which the student is participating and is a co-requisite to both EMS 111 and EMS 113. Lab 2 hours per week.

EMS 151 INTRODUCTION TO ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT (4 cr.)
Prepares the student for Virginia Enhanced certification eligibility and begins the sequence for National Registry Intermediate and/or Paramedic certification. Includes the theory and application of the following: foundations, human systems, pharmacology, overview of shock, venous access, airway management, patient assessment, respiratory emergencies, allergic reaction, and assessment based management. Conforms to the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum. Prerequisites: ENF 1 or 2, MTT Modules 1 and 2, EMT Certification. Co- requisite: EMS-170 ALS Internship I. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

EMS 153 BASIC ECG RECOGNITION (2 cr.)
Focuses on the interpretation of basic electrocardiograms (ECG) and their significance. Includes an overview of anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system including structure, function and electrical conduction in the heart. Covers advanced concepts that build on the knowledge and skills of basic dysrhythmia determination and introduction to 12 lead ECG. Lecture 2 hours per week.

EMS 155 ALS MEDICAL CARE (4 cr.)
Continues the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Intermediate and /or Paramedic curricula. Includes ALS pharmacology, drug and fluid administration with emphasis on patient assessment, differential diagnosis and management of multiple medical complaints. These include, but are not limited to conditions relating to cardiac, diabetic, neurological, non-traumatic abdominal pain, environmental, behavioral, gynecology, and toxicological disease conditions. Prerequisites: Current EMT certification, EMS-151 and EMS-153. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

EMS 157 ALS TRAUMA CARE (3 cr.)
Continues the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Intermediate and/or Paramedic curricula. Utilizes techniques which will allow the student to utilize the assessment findings to formulate a field impression and implement the treatment plan for the trauma patient. Prerequisites: Current EMT certification and EMS 151. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

EMS 159 ALS SPECIAL POPULATIONS (3 cr.)
Continues the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Intermediate and/or Paramedic curricula. Focuses on the assessment and management of specialty patients including obstetrical, neonates, pediatric, and geriatrics. Prerequisites: EMS-151 and EMS-153. Pre or co-requisite: EMS-155. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

EMS 170 ALS INTERNSHIP I (2 cr.)
Begins the first in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Includes but not limited to patient care units such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room, Trauma Centers and various advanced life support units. Co-requisite: EMS 151. Laboratory 6 hours per week.

EMS 172 ALS CLINICAL INTERNSHIP II (2 cr.)
Continues with the second in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Includes but not limited to patient care units such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room and Trauma Centers. Pre-requisite: EMS-151. Laboratory 6 hours per week.

EMS 173 ALS FIELD INTERNSHIP II (1 cr.)
Continues with the second in a series of field experiences providing supervised direct patient care in out-of-hospital advanced life support units. Laboratory 3 hours per week. Pre-requisite: EMS 151

EMS 201 EMS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT (3 cr.)
Prepares students for Paramedic certification at the National Registry level by fulfilling community activism, personal wellness, resource management, ethical considerations in leadership and research objectives in the Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services Paramedic curriculum. Lecture 3 hours per week.

EMS 205 ADVANCED PATHOPHYSIOLOGY (4 cr.)
Focuses on the pathological processes of disease with emphasis on the anatomical and physiological alterations of the human body by systems. Includes diagnosis and management appropriate to the advanced health care provider in and out of the hospital environment. Pre or co- requisite: NAS 150. Lecture 4 hours per week.

EMS 207 ADVANCED PATIENT ASSESSMENT (3 cr.)
Focuses on the principles of normal and abnormal physical exam. Emphasizes the analysis and interpretation of physiological data to assist in patient assessment and management. Applies principles during the assessment and management of trauma, medical, and specialty patients in laboratory environment. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

EMS 209 ADVANCED PHARMACOLOGY (4 cr.)
Focuses on the principles of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and drug administration. Includes drug legislation, techniques of medication administration, and principles of math calculations. Emphasizes drugs used to manage respiratory, cardiac, neurological, gastrointestinal, fluid and electrolyte and endocrine disorders and includes classification, mechanism of action, indications, contra-indications, precautions, and patient education. Incorporates principles related to substance abuse and hazardous materials. Applies principles during the assessment and management of trauma, medical, and specialty patients in laboratory environment. Pre-requisite: NAS 150. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

EMS 211 OPERATIONS (2 cr.)
Prepares the student in the theory and application of the following: medical incident command, rescue awareness and operations, hazardous materials incidents, and crime scene awareness. (Conforms to the current Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services curriculum for paramedics.) Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 3 hours per week.

EMS 213 ALS SKILLS DEVELOPMENT (1 cr.)
Utilizes reinforcement and remediation of additional advanced life support skills, as needed. Laboratory 2 hours per week. Co-requisite: EMS 155

EMS 216 PARAMEDIC REVIEW (1 cr.)
Provides the student with intensive review for the practical and written portions of the National Registry Paramedic exam. May be repeated once, for credit. Lecture 1 hour per week.

EMS 242 ALS CLINICAL INTERNSHIP III (1 cr.)
Continues with the third in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Includes but not limited to patient care units such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room, Trauma Centers and various advanced life support units. Laboratory 3 hours per week.

EMS 243 ALS FIELD INTERNSHIP III (1 cr.)
Continues with the third in a series of field experiences providing supervised direct patient care in out-of- hospital advanced life support units. Laboratory 3 hours per week.

EMS 244 ALS CLINICAL INTERNSHIP IV (1 cr.)
The fourth in a series of clinical experiences providing supervised direct patient contact in appropriate patient care facilities in and out of hospitals. Includes but not limited to patient care units such as the Emergency Department, Critical Care units, Pediatric, Labor and Delivery, Operating Room and Trauma Centers. May be repeated as necessary. Laboratory 3 hours per week.

EMS 245 ALS FIELD INTERNSHIP IV (1 cr.)
Continues with the fourth in a series of field experiences providing supervised direct patient care in out-of- hospital advanced life support units. May be repeated as necessary. Laboratory 3 hours per week.

EMS 299 SUPERVISED STUDY (1 cr.)
Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. May be repeated for credit. Co-requisite EMS 209.

ENERGY TECHNOLOGY (ENE)

ENE 105 SOLAR THERMAL ACTIVE AND PASSIVE TECHNOLOGY (4 cr.)
Provides a comprehensive study of thermal technology as it applies to collector types and ratings, open-loop versus closed-loop and system sizing. Introduces hydronics, hot water, and pool heating applications. Provides an introduction to fluid dynamics and chemistry as it applies to system installation and maintenance. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

ENE 230 GEOTHERMAL APPLICATIONS (4 cr.)
Studies the use of geothermal energy for large and small scale production. Covers the feasibility of heat pump applications for local use on an individual basis. Lecture 3 hours. Lab 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

ENGLISH FUNDAMENTALS (ENF)

ENF 1 PREPARING FOR COLLEGE ENGLISH I (8 cr.)
Provides integrated reading and writing instruction for students who require extensive preparation to succeed in college- level English courses. Students will place into this course based on placement test score. Upon successful completion and faculty recommendation, students will move into Preparing for College English III (if they require additional preparation) or into college-level English (if they require no additional preparation). Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 8 hours per week. Credits 8, Lecture 8, Contact Hours 8 Qualifying placement test score. 8 credits

ENF 2 PREPARING FOR COLLEGE ENGLISH II (4 cr.)
Provides integrated reading and writing instruction for students who require inter-mediate preparation to succeed in college-level English courses. Students will place into this course based on placement test score. Upon successful completion and faculty recommendation, students will move into Preparing for College Level III (if they require additional preparation) or into college-level English (if they require no additional preparation). Credit is not applicable toward graduation. 4 Credits, 4 Lecture, 4 Contact Hours Qualifying placement test score. 4 credits

ENF 3 PREPARING FOR COLLEGE ENGLISH III (2 cr.)
Provides integrated reading and writing instruction for students who require minimal preparation for college-level English but still need some preparation to succeed. Students in this course will be co- enrolled in college-level English. Students will place into this course based on placement test score. Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Credits 2, Lecture 2, Contact Hours 2 Qualifying placement score. Co-Enrollment in a college-level English course.

ENGLISH (ENG)

ENG 111 COLLEGE COMPOSITION I (3 cr.)
Introduces students to critical thinking and the fundamentals of academic writing. Through the writing process, students refine topics; develop and support ideas; investigate, evaluate, and incorporate appropriate resources; edit for effective style and usage; and determine appropriate approaches for a variety of contexts, audiences, and purposes. Writing activities will include exposition and argumentation with at least one researched essay. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, satisfactory score on appropriate English proficiency examination and four units of high school English or equivalent.

ENG 112 COLLEGE COMPOSITION II (3 cr.)
Continues to develop college writing with increased emphasis on critical essays, argumentation, and research, developing these competencies through the examination of a range of texts about the human experience. Requires students to locate, evaluate, integrate, and document sources and effectively edit for style and usage. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, satisfactory score on appropriate English proficiency examination and four units of high school English or equivalent. CANNOT be taken out of sequence.

ENG 131 TECHNICAL REPORT WRITING I (3 cr.)
Offers a review of organizational skills including paragraph writing and basic forms of technical communications, various forms of business correspondence, and basic procedures for research writing. Includes instruction and practice in oral communication skills. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

ENG 210 ADVANCED COMPOSITION (3 cr.)
Helps students refine skills in writing non-fiction prose. Guides development of individual voice and style. Introduces procedures for publication. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ENG 241 SURVEY OF AMERICAN LITERATURE I (3 cr.)
Examines American literary works from colonial times to the present, emphasizing the ideas and characteristics of our national literature. Involves critical reading and writing. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. May be taken out of sequence.

ENG 242 SURVEY OF AMERICAN LITERATURE II (3 cr.)
Examines American literary works from colonial times to the present, emphasizing the ideas and characteristics of our national literature. Involves critical reading and writing. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. May be taken out of sequence.

ENG 243 SURVEY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE I (3 cr.)
Studies major English works from the Anglo-Saxon period to the present, emphasizing ideas and characteristics of the British literary tradition. Involves critical reading and writing. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. May be taken out of sequence.

ENG 244 SURVEY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE II (3 cr.)
Studies major English works from the Anglo-Saxon period to the present, emphasizing ideas and characteristics of the British literary tradition. Involves critical reading and writing. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. May be taken out of sequence.

ENG 250 CHILDREN'S LITERATURE (3 cr.)
Surveys the history, development and genres of children's literature, focusing on analysis of texts for literary qualities and in terms of audience. Prerequisite(s) ENG 112 or 125 (or divisional approval).

ENG 251 SURVEY OF WORLD LITERATURE I (3 cr.)
Examines major works of world literature. Involves critical reading and writing. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. May be taken out of sequence.

ENG 252 SURVEY OF WORLD LITERATURE II (3 cr.)
Examines major works of world literature. Involves critical reading and writing. Prerequisite ENG 112 or divisional approval. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. May be taken out of sequence.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE (ENV)

ENV 100 BASIC ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE (3 cr.)
Presents and discusses basic scientific, health- related, ethical, economic, social and political aspects of environmental activities, policies/ decisions. Emphasizes the multidisciplinary nature of environmental problems and their potential solutions. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

ELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY (ETR)

ETR 141 ELECTRONICS I (3 cr.)
Introduces electronic devices as applied to basic electronic circuits and systems. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ETR 142 ELECTRONICS II (3 cr.)
Introduces electronic devices as applied to basic electronic circuits and systems. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ETR 150 MACHINE CONTROL USING RELAY & PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC (3 cr.)
Provides an introduction to hardwired relay logic and the programmable logic controller (PLC) as utilized in a variety of different control tasks. Covers different types of inputs and outputs in control system. Teaches practical troubleshooting strategies. Prerequisites: ELE 156 and EGR 277. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

ETR 168 DIGITAL CIRCUIT FUNDAMENTALS (3 cr.)
Covers the fundamentals of digital logic and the study of digital circuits and their applications. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ETR 230 MECHATRONIC PROCESS CONTROL (3 cr.)
Studies systems integrating mechanical components with electrical components and logic devices used to control manufacturing operations. Surveys electromechanical actuators, sensors, digital to analog conversion, and methods of computer control as related to the managing and monitoring of manufacturing processes. Prerequisite: ELE 156 and EGR 277. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

ETR 246 ELECTRONIC MOTOR DRIVES SYSTEMS (3 cr.)
Introduces advanced operations, setup, programming and troubleshooting of electronic motor drives that are used for the control of industrial AC motors. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite ETR 141.

ETR 266 MICROPROCESSOR APPLICATIONS (3 cr.)
Teaches fundamentals of micro-processors including architecture, internal operations, memory, I/O devices, machine level programming and interfacing. Prerequisite: ETR 281. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ETR 281 DIGITAL SYSTEMS (3 cr.)
Includes basic numbering systems, Boolean algebra, logic circuits and systems, pulse circuits and pulse logic systems as applied to computer and micro-processor technology Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

ETR 298 SEMINAR AND PROJECT (1 cr.)
Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student's occupational objectives and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.

FINANCIAL SERVICES (FIN)

FIN 107 PERSONAL FINANANCE (3 cr.)
Presents a framework of personal money management concepts, including establishing values and goals, determining sources of income, managing income, preparing a budget, developing consumer buying ability, using credit, understanding savings and insurance, providing for adequate retirement, and estate planning. Lecture 3 hours per week.

FIN 215 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Introduces basic financial management topics including statement analysis, working capital, capital budgeting, and long-term financing. Focuses on Net Present Value and Internal Rate of Return techniques, lease vs. buy analysis, and Cost of Capital computations. Uses problems and cases to enhance skills in financial planning and decision making. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTH 130 or above.

FIN 260 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FOR SMALL BUSEINSS (2 cr.)
Provides the tools of financial planning for the small business owner. Includes areas such as financial statements, ratio analysis, forecasting profit, cash flow, pricing, and obtaining capital. Prerequisite: ACC 220 or ACC 211 and Small Business Management. Lecture 2 hours per week.

FRENCH (FRE)

FRE 101 BEGINNING FRENCH I (5 cr.)
Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic French sentence structure. Part I of II. Lecture 4-5 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

FRE 102 BEGINNING FRENCH II (5 cr.)
Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic French sentence structure. Part II of II. Lecture 4-5 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

GEOGRAPHY (GEO)

GEO 210 PEOPLE AND THE LAND: INTRO TO CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY (3 cr.)
Focuses on the relationship between culture and geography. Presents a survey of modern demographics, landscape modification, material and non-material culture, language, race and ethnicity, religion, politics, and economic activity. Introduces the student to types and uses of maps. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

GEO 225 ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY (3 cr.)
Familiarizes the student with the various economic, geographic, political and demographic factors that affect international target markets and trade activity. Lecture 3 hours per week.

GERMAN (GER)

GER 101 BEGINNING GERMAN I (5 cr.)
Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic German sentence structures. Part I of II. Lecture 5 hours per week. May include one additional hour oral practice per week.

GER 102 BEGINNING GERMAN II (5 cr.)
Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic German sentence structures. Part II of II. Lecture 4-5 hours per week. May include one additional hour oral practice per week.

GEOLOGY (GOL)

GOL 105 PHYSICAL GEOLOGY (4 cr.)
Introduces the composition and structure of the earth and modifying agents and processes. Investigates the formation of minerals and rocks, weathering, erosion, earthquakes, and crustal deformation. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Co-requisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, and MTT Modules 1-3.

GOL 106 HISTORICAL GEOLOGY (4 cr.)
Traces the evolution of the earth and life through time. Presents scientific theories of the origin of the earth and life and interprets rock and fossil record. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Co-requisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite and MTT Modules 1-3.

HEALTH CARE (HCT)

HCT 110 THERAPEUTIC COMMUNICATION IN THE HEALTH CARE SETTING (3 cr.)
Develops therapeutic relationship, communication and culture, problem solving, electronic communication, techniques in therapeutic communication and blocks to therapeutic communication. Addresses assertiveness, anger, and managing team conflict. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 1.

HEALTH INFORMATION MANAGEMENT (HIM)

HIM 143 MANAGING ELECTRONIC BILLING IN A MEDICAL PRACTICE (3 cr.)
Presents practical knowledge on use of computer technology in medical practice management. Develops basic skills in preparation of universal billing claim. Explores insurance claim processing issues. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. MTT Modules 1-3.

HISTORY (HIS)

HIS 101 HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION I (3 cr.)
Examines the development of western civilization from ancient times to the present. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. May be taken out of sequence.

HIS 102 HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION II (3 cr.)
Examines the development of western civilization from ancient times to the present. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. May be taken out of sequence.

HIS 121 UNITED STATES HISTORY I (3 cr.)
Surveys United States history from its beginning to the present. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. May be taken out of sequence.

HIS 122 UNITED STATES HISTORY II (3 cr.)
Surveys United States history from its beginning to the present. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. May be taken out of sequence.

HIS 281 HISTORY OF VIRGINIA I (3 cr.)
Examines the cultural, political, and economic history of the Commonwealth from its beginning to the present. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. May be taken out of sequence.

HIS 282 HISTORY OF VIRGINIA I (3 cr.)
Examines the cultural, political, and economic history of the Commonwealth from its beginning to the present. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. May be taken out of sequence.

HEALTH (HLT)

HLT 100 FIRST AID AND CARDIO- PULMONARY RESUSCITATION (2 cr.)
Focuses on principles and techniques of safety, first aid, and cardio- pulmonary resuscitation. Lecture 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HLT 105 CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (1 cr.)
Provides training in coordinated mouth-to- mouth artificial ventilation and chest compression, choking, life-threatening emergencies, and sudden illness. Lecture 1 hour per week. Equivalent to EMS 100. HLT 106 FIRST AID AND SAFETY (2 cr.)
Focuses on the principles and techniques of safety and first aid. Lecture 2 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HLT 109 CPR RECERTIFICATION (1 cr.)
Provides training in coordinated mouth-to- mouth artificial ventilation and chest compression, choking, life- threatening emergencies, and sudden illness. Lecture 1 hour per week.

HLT 115 INTRODUCTION TO PERSONAL AND COMMUNITY HEALTH (1 cr.)
Introduces and focuses on the principles of personal and community health. Lecture 1 hour per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HLT 116 INTRODUCTION TO PERSONAL WELLNESS CONCEPTS (3 cr.)
Introduces students to the dimensions of wellness including the physical, emotional, environmental, spiritual, occupational, and social components. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HLT 138 – PRINCIPLES OF NUTRITION (1-2 cr.)
Studies nutrient components of food, including carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals and water. Provides a behavioral approach to nutrient guidelines for the development and maintenance of optimum wellness. Lecture 1-2 hours per week.

HLT 141 INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY (1 cr.)
Focuses on medical terminology for students preparing for careers in the health professions. Lecture 1 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HLT 143 MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY I (3 cr.)
Provides an understanding of medical abbreviations and terms. Includes the study of prefixes, suffixes, word stems, and technical terms with emphasis on proper spelling, pronunciation and usage. Emphasizes more complex skills and techniques in understanding medical terminology. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HLT 170 INTRODUCTION TO MASSAGE (1 cr.)
Introduces the student to the field of massage therapy. Student practices basic Swedish massage strokes, aromatherapy, effleurage, petrissage and friction, as well as indications and contra-indication for massage. Lecture 1 hour per week. Co-requisite: NAS 150.

HLT 180 THERAPEUTIC MASSAGE I (3 cr.)
Introduces the student to the history and requirements for massage therapy. Covers the terms and practice of massage with introduction to equipment, safety, and ethics as well as massage movements and techniques. Includes information about the benefits of massage, contraindications, client interview, client-therapist relationship, draping, good body mechanics, and anatomical landmarks. Basic massage techniques are blended into a relaxing, health enhancing full-body session preparing the students for their student clinical experience. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 7 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-2. Co- requisite HLT 170, NAS 150.

HLT 193 MUSCLES AND MASSAGE (4cr.)
Covers new content not covered in existing courses in the discipline. Allows instructor to explore content and instructional methods to assess the course's viability as a permanent offering. Lecture 4 hours per week. Co-requisite: HLT 280.

HLT 220 CONCEPTS OF DISEASE (3 cr.)
Emphasizes general principles, classifications, causes, and treatments of selected disease processes. Intended primarily for students enrolled in health technology programs. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite; co- requisite HLT 281.

HLT 230 PRINCIPLES OF NUTRITION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT (3 cr.)
Teaches the relationship between nutrition and human development. Emphasizes nutrients, balanced diet, weight control, and the nutritional needs of an individual. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HLT 250 GENERAL PHARMACOLOGY (3 cr.)
Emphasizes general pharmacology for the health related professions covering general principles of drug actions/reactions, major drug classes, specific agent within each class, and routine mathematical calculations needed to determine desired dosages. Lecture 3 hours per week. A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 .

HLT 261 BASIC PHARMACY I (3 cr.)
Explores the basics of general pharmacy, reading prescriptions, symbols, packages, pharmacy calculations. Teaches measuring compounds of drugs, dosage forms, drug laws, and drug classifications. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 and MTT Modules 1-3; Co-requisites: MTH 133, HLT 263.

HLT 262 BASIC PHARMACY II (3 cr.)
Explores the basics of general pharmacy, reading prescriptions, symbols, packages, pharmacy calculations. Teaches measuring compounds of drugs, dosage forms, drug laws, and drug classifications. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: HLT 261

HLT 263 BASIC PHARMACY 1 LAB (1 cr.)
Provides practical experience to supplement instruction in HLT 261 Should be taken concurrently with HLT 261- 262, in appropriate curricula, as identified by the college. Part I of II. Laboratory 3 hours per week. Co-requisite with HLT 261.

HLT 264 BASIC PHARMACY 2 LAB (1 cr.)
Provides practical experience to supplement instruction in HLT261-262. Should be taken concurrently with HLT 261-262, in appropriate curricula, as identified by the college. Part II of II. Laboratory 3 hours per week. Pre-requisite: HLT 263. Co-requisite: HLT 262.

HLT 280 THERAPEUTIC MASSAGE II (3 cr.)
Introduces the student to the history and requirements for massage therapy. Covers the terms and practice of massage with introduction to equipment, safety, and ethics as well as massage movements and techniques. Includes information about the benefits of massage, contraindications, client interview, client-therapist relationship, draping, good body mechanics, and anatomical landmarks. Basic massage techniques are blended into a relaxing, health enhancing full-body session preparing the student for their student clinical experience. Prerequisite: HLT 180/HLT 170. Co- requisite HLT 193. Lecture 1 hr. Laboratory 6 hours Total 7 hours per week.

HLT 281 THERAPEUTIC MASSAGE III (3 cr.)
Introduces the concept of consultation, client management, session design, and integration of specific therapeutic approaches into a full-body session. Students learn to give specific therapeutic attention to the regions of the back, neck and torso. Using knowledge of muscle anatomy, students perform more advanced massage techniques to address hypertonicity, chronic ischemia, trigger points, fibrotic tissue, adhesions and scar tissue. Includes common clinical applications in the body regions covered and the integration of specific techniques into a full-body session. Prerequisite: HLT 280. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 7 hours per week.

HOTEL-RESTAURANT-INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT (HRI)

HRI 106 PRINCIPLES OF CULINARY ARTS I-II (3 cr.)
Introduces the fundamental principles of food preparation and basic culinary procedures. Stresses the use of proper culinary procedures combined with food science, proper sanitation, standards of quality for food items that are made, and proper use and care of kitchen equipment. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 119 APPLIED NUTRITION FOR FOOD SERVICE (3 cr.)
Studies food composition, nutrition science, and application of nutrition principles taught by the food service professional. Provides the student with a basic understanding of human nutrition and application of nutrition in the service of commercially prepared meals. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 126 THE ART OF GARNISHING (1 cr.)
Focuses on the relationship between colors and shapes and how they pertain to garnishes. Provides student with knowledge to create impressive presentations. Lecture 1 hour per week.

HRI 128 PRINCIPLES OF BAKING (3 cr.)
Instructs the student in the preparation of breads, pastries, baked desserts, candies, frozen confections, and sugar work. Applies scientific principles and techniques of baking. Promotes the knowledge/skills required to prepare baked items, pastries and confections. Prerequisite: HRI 120 or equivalent. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 134 FOOD AND BEVERAGE SERVICE MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Provides a conceptual and technical framework for managing the service of meals in a variety of commercial settings. Studies the integration of production and service delivery, guest contact dynamics, reservations management and point-of-sale systems. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: Placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 145 GARDE MANGER (3 cr.)
Studies garde manger, the art of decorative cold food preparation and presentation. Provides a detailed practical study of cold food preparation and artistic combination and display of cold foods. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 154 PRINCIPLES OF HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Presents basic understanding of the hospitality industry by tracing the industry's growth and development, reviewing the organization and management of lodging, food, and beverage operations, and focusing on industry opportunities and future trends. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 158 SANITATION AND SAFETY (3 cr.)
Covers the moral and legal responsibilities of management to insure a sanitary and safe environment in a food service operation. Emphasizes the causes and prevention of food borne illnesses in conformity with federal, state and local guidelines. Focuses on OSHA standards in assuring safe working conditions. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 190 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (3 cr.)
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 206 INTERNATIONAL CUISINE (3 cr.)
Introduces the concepts of cultural differences and similarities and the preparation of the food specialties of the major geographical areas of the world. Focuses on emerging cuisines as they become popular. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 207 AMERICAN REGIONAL CUISINE (3 cr.)
Studies the distinct regional cooking styles of America and its neighbors. Emphasizes the indigenous ingredients as well as the cultural aspect of each region's cooking style. Includes the preparation of the various regional foods. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 218 FRUIT, VEGETABLE, AND STARCH PREPARATION (3 cr.)
Instructs the student in the preparation of fruits, vegetables, grains, cereals, legumes and farinaceous products. Promotes the knowledge/skills necessary to prepare menu items from fruits, vegetables, and their byproducts, and to select appropriate uses as meal components. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 219 STOCK, SOUP, AND SAUCE PREPARATION (3 cr.)
Instructs the student in the preparation of stocks, soups, and sauces. Promotes the knowledge/ skills to prepare stocks, soups, and sauces, and to select appropriate uses as meal components. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 220 MEAT, SEAFOOD, AND POULTRY PREPARATION (3 cr.)
Provides the study and preparation of meat, poultry, shellfish, fish, and game. Promotes the knowledge/skills required to select appropriate use of these foods as meal components. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 251 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COST CONTROL I (3 cr.)
Presents methods of pre- cost and pre- control as applied to the menu, purchasing, receiving, storing, issuing, production, sales and service which result in achievement of an operation’s profit potential. Emphasizes both manual and computerized approaches. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 252 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COST CONTROL II (3 cr.)
Presents methods of pre- cost and pre- control as applied to the menu, purchasing, receiving, storing, issuing, production, sales and service which result in achievement of an operation’s profit potential. Emphasizes both manual and computerized approaches. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 256 PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS OF CATERING (3 cr.)
Analyzes and compares the principles of on-premise and off- premise catering. Includes student presentations in a series of catered functions where they assume typical managerial/ employee positions emphasizing planning, organizing, operating, managing and evaluating. Prerequisite divisional approval. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

HRI 290 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (2 cr.)
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-req., MTT Modules 1-3.

HORTICULTURE (HRT)

HRT 100 INTRODUCTION TO HORTICULTURE (3cr.)
Introduces commercial horticulture industry with emphasis on career opportunities. Examines equipment, facilities, and physical arrangements of production, wholesale and retail establishments. Surveys individual areas within horticulture industry. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HRT 110 PRINCIPLES OF HORTICULTURE (3 cr.)
Introduces concepts of plant growth and development. Covers horticultural practices, crops and environmental factors affecting plant growth. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HRT 115 PLANT PROPAGATION (3 cr.)
Teaches principles and practices of plant propagation. Examines commercial and home practices. Provides experience in techniques using seed-spores, cuttings, grafting, budding, layering and division. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HRT 190 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (2 cr.)
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HRT 201 LANDSCAPE PLANTS I (3 cr.)
Studies landscape use of plants. Considers ornamental value, growth habit, identification, and limitations. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HRT 226 GREENHOUSE MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Discusses the theoretical and applied practices of managing a greenhouse facility. Emphasizes greenhouse construction and design, environmental control, energy conservation, and related topics. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HRT 259 ARBORICULTURE (3 cr.)
Studies the techniques of tree care. Covers surgery, pruning, insect and disease recognition and control, fertilization, cabling, and lightning rod installation. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HRT 275 LANDSCAPE CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE (3 cr.)
Examines practical applications of commercial landscape construction techniques, and materials used. Covers planting, construction, , and maintenance. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HUMAN SERVICES (HMS)

HMS 100 INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN SERVICES (3 cr.)
Introduces human service agencies, roles and careers. Presents an historical perspective of the field as it relates to human services today. Additional topics include values clarification and needs of target populations. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HMS 162 COMMUNICATION SKILLS FOR HUMAN SERVICES PROFESSIONALS (3 cr.)
Covers basic written and verbal communication skills, including, listening skills, interviewing techniques, and completing written documentation to professional standards. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HMS 195 INTRODUCTION TO DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES (3 cr.)
Presents an overview, history, and current philosophy of developmental disabilities programs. Provides descriptions and examines causes of developmental disabilities, identifies intervention strategies, promotes social and legal advocacy, explores employment and career opportunities. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HMS 236 GERONTOLOGY (3 cr.)
Examines the process of aging; its implications in relation to health, recreation, education, transportation, meaningful work or activity, and to community resources. Emphasizes experiencing the aging process, facilitating retirement, and application of the helping relationship to work with older adults. Lecture 3 hours per week.

HMS 251 SUBSTANCE ABUSE I (3 cr.)
Provides knowledge, skills, and insight for working in drug and alcohol abuse programs. Emphasizes personal growth and client growth measures in helping relationships. Stresses various methods of individual and group techniques for helping the substance abuser. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

HMS 290 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (3 cr.)
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY (IND)

IND 101 QUALITY ASSURANCE TECHNOLOGY I (3 cr.)
Studies principles and techniques of quality engineering for the management, design engineering economics, production, and assurance of quality. Emphasizes fundamentals of total quality assurance for product and process control. May include design review, fundamentals of statistics procurement control, sampling and control chart systems, quality reporting, process capability analysis, tool and gauge control, document control, or troubleshooting quality control. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

IND 125 INSTALLATION AND PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE (3 cr.)
Studies practices in the installation of machinery, including mounting, grouting, leveling, and alignment. Examines methods of preventive maintenance including inspection, scheduled maintenance, controls, record keeping, repair parts stocking, and safety considerations. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

IND 181 WORLD CLASS MANUFACTURING (3 cr.)
Studies the principles and applications of the globalization of industry. Emphasizes the fundamentals of interpersonal/team, process, organization skills, total quality tools for continuous improvement, statistical process control, manufacturing resource planning and just- in-time.

IND 195 INTRODUCTION TO MANUFACTURING AND ADVANCED FILMS TECHNOLOGY (3 cr.)
Introduces basic concepts and skills of the Advanced Manufacturing and Advanced Films Technology fields. Presents discussion of manufacturing career opportunities and industry practices with specific emphasis on the history, purpose, practice and organization of the advanced films industry. Introduces the foundation mathematics for industrial measurements, English/ SI system conversions and statistical process control. Covers concepts of automated system integration, quality assurance, teamwork and positive work ethics. Lecture 3 hours per week.

IND 243 PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS OF MECHATRONICS (3 cr.)
Introduces terminology and principles related to Mechatronic system design and application. Integrates concepts of electrical/ electronic, mechanical and computer technologies in the development, setup, operation and troubleshooting of automated products and systems. Covers breakdown of various automated manufacturing operations with emphasis on system planning, development and troubleshooting processes. Prerequisite: EGR 277, MEC 165 and MEC 140 or MEC 155. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

IND 290 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (3) cr.)
Supervised on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. IND 295 TOPICS IN ADVANCED FILMS TECHNOLOGY (3 cr.)
Introduces the web coating process, including formulating product and raw materials, mixing and solution handling, feed systems, coating application process, coating equipment, substrates, and drying. Covers dyeing and instrumentation concepts, process measurements and monitoring, and web winding. Presents basic concepts of lean manufacturing and Six Sigma as relates to troubleshooting and problem solving. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY-DESIGN & DATABASE (ITD)

ITD 110 WEB PAGE DESIGN I (3 cr.)
Stresses a working knowledge of web site designs, construction, and management using HTML, or XHTML. Includes headings, lists, links, images, image maps, tables, forms, and frames. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITD 112 DESIGNING WEB PAGE GRAPHICS (3 cr.)
Explores the creation of digital graphics for web design. Include basic design elements such as color and layout will be explored utilizing a computer graphics program(s). Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITD 130 DATABASE FUNDAMENTALS (3 cr.)
Introduces the student to Relational Database and Relational Database theory. Includes planning, defining and using a database; table design, linking, and normalization; types of databases, database description and definition. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITD 210 WEB PAGE DESIGN II (3 cr.)
Incorporates advanced techniques in web site planning, design, usability, accessibility, advanced site management, and maintenance utilizing web editor software(s). Lecture 3 hours per week.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY-ESSENTIALS (ITE)

ITE 101 INTRODUCTION TO MICROCOMPUTERS (2 cr.)
Examines concepts and terminology related to microcomputers and introduces specific uses of microcomputers. Lecture 2 hours per week.

ITE 115 INTRO. TO COMPUTER APPLICATIONS & CONCEPTS (3 cr.)
Covers computer concepts and internet skills and use a software suite which includes word processing, spreadsheet, database, and presentation software to demonstrate skills. Recommended prerequisite keyboarding skills. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 2 or above, MTT Modules 1-3.

ITE 119 INFORMATION LITERACY (3 cr.)
Presents the information literacy core competencies focusing on the use of information technology skills. Skills and knowledge will be developed in database searching, computer applications, information security and privacy, and intellectual property issues. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

ITE 130 INTRODUCTION TO INTERNET SERVICES (3 cr.)
Provides students with a working knowledge of Internet terminology and services including e-mail, WWW browsing, search engines, ftp, file compression, and other services using a variety of software packages. Provides instruction for basic web page construction. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITE 140 SPREADSHEET SOFTWARE (3 cr.)
Covers the use of spreadsheet software to create spreadsheets with formatted cells and cell ranges, control pages, multiple sheets, charts, and macros. Topics include type and edit text in a cell, enter data on multiple worksheets, work with formulas and functions, create charts, pivot tables, and styles, insert headers and footers, and filter data. Covers MOS Excel objectives. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ITE 115.

ITE 150 DESKTOP DATABASE SOFTWARE (3 cr.)
Incorporates instruction in planning, defining, and using a database; performing queries; producing reports; working with multiple files; and concepts of database programming. Include database concepts, principles of table design and table relationships, entering data, creating and using forms, using data from different sources, filtering, and creating mailing labels. Covers MOS Access certification objectives. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ITE 115.

ITE 199 CERTIFICATION PREPARATION (1 cr.)
Serves as a review of objectives for a specific Certification. Uses certification test preparation software, when available, in conjunction with a faculty resource person. May be repeated for credit. Lecture 1 hour per week.

ITE 290 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (3 cr.)
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit.

ITE 299 SUPERVISED STUDY (1 cr.)
Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. May be repeated for credit.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY- NETWORKING (ITN)

ITN 106 MICROCOMPUTER OPERATING SYSTEMS (3 cr.)
Teaches use of operating system utilities and multiple-level directory structures, creation of batch files, and configuration of microcomputer environments. May include a study of graphical user interfaces. Maps to A+ Software Certification. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITN 107 PERSONAL COMPUTER HARDWARE AND TROUBLESHOOTING (3 cr.)
Includes specially designed instruction to give a student a basic knowledge of hardware and software configurations. Includes the installation of various peripheral devices as well as basic system hardware components. Maps to A+ Hardware Certification. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITN 154 NETWORK FUNDAMENTALS, ROUTER BASICS, AND CONFIGURATION (ICND1) – CISCO (3 cr.)
Provides instruction in the fundamentals of networking environments, the basics of router operations, and basic router configuration. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

ITN 154L NETWORK FUNDAMENTALS, ROUTER BASICS, AND CONFIGURATION (ICND1) - LABORATORY (1 cr.)
Provides problem solving experience to supplement instruction in Networking Fundamentals - Cisco. Co-requisite: ITN 154. Laboratory 2 hours per week.

ITN 155 SWITCHING, WIRELESS, AND WAN TECHNOLOGIES (ICND2) - CISCO (3 cr.)
Provides the skills and knowledge to install, operate, and troubleshoot a small- to-medium sized branch office enterprise network, including configuring several switches and routers, configuring wireless devices, configuring VLANS, connecting to a WAN, and implementing network security. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

ITN 155L SWITCHING, WIRELESS, AND WAN TECHNOLOGIES (ICND2) - CISCO LABORATORY (1 cr.)
Provides problem solving experience to supplement instruction in Introductory Routing- Cisco. Co-requisite: ITN 155. Laboratory 2 hours per week.

ITN 260 NETWORK SECURITY BASICS (3 cr.)
Provides instruction in the basics of network security in depth. Includes security objectives, security architecture, security models and security layers; risk management, network security policy, and security training. Includes the give security keys, confidentiality integrity, availability, accountability and auditability. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITN 261 NETWORK ATTACKS, COMPUTER CRIME AND HACKING (3 cr.)
Encompasses in-depth exploration of various methods for attacking and defending a network. Explores network security concepts from the viewpoint hackers and their attack methodologies. Includes topics about hackers, attacks, Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) malicious code, computer crime and industrial espionage. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITN 262 NETWORK COMMUNICATION, SECURITY AND AUTHENTICATION (3 cr.)
Covers an in-depth exploration of various communication protocols with a concentration on TCP/IP. Explores communication protocols from the point of view of the hacker in order to highlight protocol weaknesses. Includes Internet architecture, routing, addressing, topology, fragmentation and protocol analysis, and the use of various utilities to explore TCP/IP. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITN 263 INTERNET/INTRANET FIREWALLS AND E-COMMERCE SECURITY (3 cr.)
Gives an in-depth exploration of firewall, Web security, and e-commerce security. Explores firewall concepts, types, topology and the firewall's relationship to the TCP/IP protocol. Includes client/server architecture, the Web server, HTML and HTTP in relation to Web Security, and digital certification, D.509, and public key infrastructure (PKI). Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITN 266 NETWORK SECURITY LAYERS (3 cr.)
Provides an in-depth exploration of various security layers needed to protect the network. Explores Network Security from the viewpoint of the environment in which the network operates and the necessity to secure that environment to lower the security risk to the network. Includes physical security, personnel security, operating system security, software security and database security. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITN 267 LEGAL TOPICS IN NETWORK SECURITY (3 cr.)
Conveys an in-depth exploration of the civil and common law issues that apply to network security. Explores statutes, jurisdictional, and constitutional issues related to computer crimes and privacy. Includes rules of evidence, seizure and evidence handling, court presentation and computer privacy in the digital age. Lecture 3 hours per week.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY- PROGRAMMING

(ITP) ITP 110 VISUAL BASIC PROGRAMMING I (3 cr.)
Involves instruction in fundamentals of event-driven programming using Visual Basic. Emphasizes program construction, algorithm development, coding, debugging, and documentation of graphical user interface applications. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITP 120 JAVA PROGRAMMING I (4 cr.)
Entails instruction in fundamentals of object-oriented programming using Java. Emphasizes program construction, algorithm development, coding, debugging, and documentation of console and graphical user interface applications. Lecture 4 hours per week.

ITP 160 INTRODUCTION TO GAME DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT (3 cr.)
Introduces object-oriented game design and development. Provides overview of the electronic game design and development process and underlines the historical contest, content creation strategies, game careers, and future trends in the industry. Utilizes a game language environment to introduce game design, object-oriented paradigms, software design, software development and product testing. Teaches skills of writing a game design document and creating a game with several levels and objects. Integrate 2D animations, 3D models, sound effects, and background music as well as graphic backgrounds. Lecture 3 hours per week.

ITP 220 JAVA PROGRAMMING II (4 cr.)
Imparts instruction in application of advanced object- oriented techniques to application development using Java. Emphasizes database connectivity, inner classes, collection classes, networking, and threads. Lecture 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ITP 120.

INSTRUMENTATION (INS)

INS 230 INSTRUMENTATION I (3 cr.)
Presents the fundamental scientific principles of process control including temperature, pressure, level, and flow measurements. Topics include transducers, thermometers, and gauges are introduced along with calibration. Prerequisites: ETR 140. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours per week. Total 4 hours per week.

JAPANESE (JPN)

JPN 101 BEGINNING JAPANESE I (5 cr.)
Develops the understanding, speaking, reading, and writing of Japanese, and emphasizes the structure of the language. Part I of II. Lecture 5 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.

JPN 102 BEGINNING JAPANESE II (5 cr.)
Develops the understanding, speaking, reading, and writing of Japanese, and emphasizes the structure of the language. Part II of II. Lecture 5 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.

LEGAL ADMINISTRATION (LGL)

LGL 110 INTRODUCTION TO LAW AND THE LEGAL ASSISTANT (3 cr.)
Introduces various areas of law in which a legal assistant may be employed. Includes study of the court system (Virginia and federal) as well as a brief overview of criminal law, torts, domestic relations, evidence, ethics, the role of the legal assistant and other areas of interest. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

LGL 115 REAL ESTATE LAW FOR LEGAL ASSISTANTS (3 cr.)
Studies law of real property, and gives in- depth survey of more common types of real estate transactions and conveyances such as deeds, contracts, leases, and deeds of trust. Focuses on drafting these various instruments and studies the system of recording and search of public documents. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

LGL 117 FAMILY LAW (3 cr.)
Studies elements of a valid marriage, grounds for divorce and annulment, separation, defenses, custody, support, adoptions, and applicable tax consequences. Includes property settlement, pre- and ante-nuptial agreements, pleadings, and rules of procedure. May include specific federal and Virginia consumer laws. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

LGL 125 LEGAL RESEARCH (3 cr.)
Provides an understanding of various components of a law library, and emphasizes research skills through the use of digests, encyclopedias, reporter systems, codes, Shepard’s Citations, ALR, and other research tools. May include overview of computer applications and writing projects. Prerequisite or co-requisite: LGL 110. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, MTT Modules 1-3.

LGL 126 LEGAL WRITING (3 cr.)
Studies proper preparation of various legal documents, including legal memoranda, letters, and pleadings. Involves practical applications. May include case and appellate briefs. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: LGL 125. English 111 or permission from instructor.

LGL 200 ETHICS FOR THE LEGAL ASSISTANT (1 cr.)
Examines general principles of ethical conduct applicable to legal assistants. Includes the application of rules of ethics to the practicing legal assistant. Lecture 1 hour per week. . Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

LGL 215 TORTS (3 cr.)
Studies fundamental principles of the law of torts. May include preparation and use of pleadings and other documents involved in the trial of a civil action. Emphasizes personal injury, products liability, and malpractice cases. Lecture 3 hours per week. . Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

LGL 219 BASICS OF LITIGATION SUPPORT (3 cr.)
Provides a practical understanding and knowledge of litigation support services, including docket control, case management, document production and organization. Examines the use of privileged documents and various court clerks’ offices. Focuses on multiple party case management. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

LGL 225 ESTATE PLANNING AND PROBATE (3 cr.)
Introduces various devices used to plan an estate, including wills, trust, joint ownership and insurance. Considers various plans in light of family situations and estate objectives. Focuses on practices involving administration of an estate including taxes and preparation of forms. Lecture 3 hours per week. . Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

LGL 226 REAL ESTATE ABSTRACTING (3 cr.)
Reviews aspects of abstracting title to real estate, recordation of land transactions, liens, grantor- grantee indices, warranties, covenants, restrictions, and easements. Prerequisite: LGL 115. ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite; Lecture 3 hours per week.

LGL 230 LEGAL TRANSACTIONS (3 cr.)
Presents an in-depth study of general contract law, including formation, breach, enforcement, and remedies. May include an overview of UCC sales, commercial paper, and collections. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MARKETING (MKT)

MKT 100 PRINCIPLES OF MARKETING (3 cr.)
Presents principles, methods, and problems involved in marketing to consumers and organizational buyers. Discusses problems and policies connected with distribution and sale of products, pricing, promotion, and buyer motivation. Examines variations of marketing research, legal, social, ethical, e- commerce, and international considerations in marketing. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MKT 160 MARKETING FOR SMALL BUSINESS (3 cr.)
Presents the development of the marketing mix for small business. Includes areas such as product development, pricing, promotion, salesmanship, customer relations, and consumer behavior. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MKT 170 CUSTOMER SERVICE (2 cr.)
Introduces students to the concepts of marketing as they relate to customer service. Teaches development of customer service training and implementation of strategies to improve customer relations and service. Includes lecture, role-playing, and case studies. Lecture 2 hours per week.

MKT 200 CONSUMERS, MARKETING, AND SOCIETY (3 cr.)
Presents an overview of the marketing system as it applies to the needs and wants of consumers and the purchasing process, along with consideration of the role of government in consumer affairs. Assists the individual in becoming an informed consumer and better business manager through an understanding of rights and obligations in consumer transactions. Lecture 3 hours per week.

MKT 260 CUSTOMER SERVICE MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Examines the role of customer service in achieving a firm’s long- term goals; discusses the basic principles of effective customer service; explores the tasks and responsibilities of a customer service manager. Includes such topics as purpose of customer service; establishment of customer service goals and policies; recruitment, selection and training of customer service employees; motivation techniques; empowering employees for better decision making; and evaluation of customer service employees and program. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

DEVELOPMENTAL MATHEMATICS - TECHNOLOGY BASED (MTT Modules)

MTT Modules 1 DEVELOPMENTAL MATHEMATICS (TECHNOLOGY-BASED) I (1 cr.)
Covers mathematics topics in a technology-based setting to prepare students for the study of college level mathematics courses and curricula. Designed for the study of one developmental math unit prescribed by the student's placement test results. Credits not applicable toward graduation. Placement scores requiring the student to complete one developmental math unit.

MODULE 1 OPERATIONS WITH POSITIVE FRACTIONS (1cr.)
Includes operations and problem solving with proper fractions, improper fractions, and mixed numbers without the use of a calculator. Emphasizes applications and includes U. S. customary units of measure. Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 1 hour per week. Prerequisite(s): Qualifying placement score.

MODULE 2 OPERATIONS WITH POSITIVE DECIMALS AND PERCENTS (1 cr.)
Includes operations and problem solving with positive decimals and percents. Emphasizes applications and includes U.S. customary and metric units of measure. Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Prerequisite(s): MTT Module 1 or qualifying placement score. Lecture 1 hour per week.

MODULE 3 ALGEBRA BASICS (1 cr.)
Includes basic operations with algebraic expressions and solving simple algebraic equations using signed numbers with emphasis on applications. Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 1 hour per week. Prerequisite: MTT Module 2 or qualifying placement score

MODULE 4 FIRST DEGREE EQUATIONS AND INEQUALITIES IN ONE VARIABLE (1 cr.)
Includes solving first degree equations and inequalities containing one variable, and using them to solve application problems. Emphasizes applications and problem solving. Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 1 hour per week. Prerequisite(s): MTT Module 3 or qualifying placement score.

MODULE 5 LINEAR EQUATIONS, INEQUALITIES AND SYSTEMS OF LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES (1 cr.)
Includes finding the equation of a line, graphing linear equations and inequalities in two variables and solving systems of two linear equations. Emphasizes writing and graphing equations using the slope of the line and points on the line, and applications. Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 1 hour per week. Prerequisite(s): MTT Module 4 or qualifying placement score.

MODULE 6 EXPONENTS, FACTORING AND POLYNOMIAL EQUATIONS (1 cr.)
The student will learn to perform operations on exponential expressions and polynomials. Students will also learn techniques to factor polynomials and use these techniques to solve polynomial equations. Emphasis should be on learning all the different factoring methods, and solving application problems using polynomial equations. Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 1 hour per week. Prerequisite(s): MTT Module 5 or qualifying placement score.

MODULE 7 RATIONAL EXPRESSIONS AND EQUATIONS (1 cr.)
Includes simplifying rational algebraic expressions, solving rational algebraic equations and solving applications that use rational algebraic equations. Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 1 hour per week. Prerequisite(s): MTT Module 6 or qualifying placement score.

MODULE 8 RATIONAL EXPONENTS AND RADICALS (1 cr.)
Includes simplifying radical expressions, using rational exponents, solving radical equations and solving applications using radical equations. Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 1 hour per week. Prerequisite(s): MTT Module 7 or qualifying placement score.

MODULE 9 FUNCTIONS, QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND PARABOLAS (1 cr.)
Includes an introduction to functions in ordered pair, graph, and equation form. Also introduces quadratic functions, their properties and their graphs. Credit is not applicable toward graduation. Lecture 1 hour per week. Prerequisite(s): MTT Module 8 or qualifying placement score.

MATHEMATICS (MTH)

MTH 111 BASIC TECHNICAL MATHEMATICS (3 cr.)
Provides a foundation in mathematics with emphasis in arithmetic, unit conversion, basic algebra, geometry and trigonometry. This course is intended for CTE programs. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: MTT Modules 1-3 OR Corequisite: MCR 1.

MTH 130 FUNDAMENTALS OF REASONING (3 cr.)
Presents elementary concepts of algebra, linear graphing, financial literacy, descriptive statistics, and measurement & geometry. Based on college programs being supported by this course, colleges may opt to add additional topics such as logic or trigonometry. This course is intended for occupational/technical programs. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): Competency in MTT Modules 1-3 as demonstrated through placement or unit completion or equivalent or Corequisite: MCR 2.

MTH 133 MATHEMATICS FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONS (3 cr.)
Presents in context the arithmetic of fractions and decimals, the metric system and dimensional analysis, percents, ratio and proportion, linear equations, topics in statistics, topics in geometry, logarithms, topics in health professions including dosages, dilutions and IV flow rates. This course is intended for programs in the Health Professions. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): Competency in MTT Modules 1-3 as demonstrated through placement or unit completion or equivalent or Corequisite: MCR 9.

MTH 154 QUANTITATIVE REASONING (3 cr.)
Presents topics in proportional reasoning, modeling, financial literacy and validity studies (logic and set theory). Focuses on the process of taking a real-world situation, identifying the mathematical foundation needed to address the problem, solving the problem and applying what is learned to the original situation. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): Competency in MTT Modules 1-5 as demonstrated through placement or unit completion or equivalent or Corequisite: MCR 4.

MTH 155 STATISTICAL REASONING (3 cr.)
Presents elementary statistical methods and concepts including visual data presentation, descriptive statistics, probability, estimation, hypothesis testing, correlation and linear regression. Emphasis is placed on the development of statistical thinking, simulation, and the use of statistical software. Lecture 3 hours, Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: Competency in MTT Modules 1-5 as demonstrated through placement or unit completion or equivalent or Co-requisite: MCR 5.

MTH 161 PRECALCULUS I (3 cr.)
Presents topics in power, polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions, and systems of equations and inequalities. Credit will not be awarded for both MTH 161: Precalculus I and MTH 167: Precalculus with Trigonometry or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): Competency in MTT Modules 1-9 as demonstrated through placement or unit completion or equivalent or Corequisite: MCR 6.

MTH 162 PRECALCULUS II (3cr.)
Presents trigonometry, trigonometric applications including Law of Sines and Cosines and an introduction to conics. Credit will not be awarded for both MTH 162: Precalculus II and MTH 167: Precalculus with Trigonometry or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): Placement or completion of MTH 161: Precalculus I or equivalent with a grade of C or better.

MTH 167 PRECALCULUS WITH TRIGONOMETRY (5 cr.)
Presents topics in power, polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions, systems of equations, trigonometry, and trigonometric applications, including Law of Sines and Cosines, and an introduction to conics. Credit will not be awarded for both MTH 167: Precalculus with Trigonometry and MTH 161/MTH 162: Precalculus I and II or equivalent. Lecture 5 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): Competency in MTT Modules 1-9 as demonstrated through placement or unit completion or equivalent or Corequisite: MCR 7.

MTH 245 STATISTICS I (3 cr.)
Presents an overview of statistics, including descriptive statistics, elementary probability, probability distributions, estimation, hypothesis testing, correlation, and linear regression. Credit will not be awarded for both MTH 155: Statistical Reasoning and MTH 245: Statistics I or equivalent. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: Completion of MTH 154 or MTH 161 or equivalent with a grade of C or better.

MTH 261 APPLIED CALCULUS I (3 cr.)
Introduces limits, continuity, differentiation and integration of algebraic, exponential and logarithmic functions, and techniques of integration with an emphasis on applications in business, social sciences and life sciences. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: Completion of MTH 161 or equivalent with a grade of C or better.

MTH 263 CALCULUS I (4 cr.)
Presents concepts of limits, derivatives, differentiation of various types of functions and use of differentiation rules, application of differentiation, antiderivatives, integrals and applications of integration. Lecture 4 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: Completion of MTH 167 or MTH 161/162 or equivalent with a grade of C or better.

MTH 264 CALCULUS II (4 cr.)
Continues the study of calculus of algebraic and transcendental functions including rectangular, polar, and parametric graphing, indefinite and definite integrals, methods of integration, and power series along with applications. Features instruction for mathematical, physical and engineering science programs. Lecture 4 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: Completion of MTH 263 or equivalent with a grade of C or better.

MTH 265 CALCULUS III (4 cr.)
Focuses on extending the concepts of function, limit, continuity, derivative, integral and vector from the plane to the three dimensional space. Covers topics including vector functions, multivariate functions, partial derivatives, multiple integrals and an introduction to vector calculus. Features instruction for mathematical, physical and engineering science programs. Lecture 4 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Completion of MTH 264: Calculus II or equivalent with a grade of C or better.

MTH 266 LINEAR ALGEBRA (3 cr.)
Covers matrices, vector spaces, determinants, solutions of systems of linear equations, basis and dimension, eigenvalues, and eigenvectors. Features instruction for mathematical, physical and engineering science programs. Lecture 3 hours. Total 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: Completion of MTH 263 or equivalent with a grade of B or better or MTH 264 or equivalent with a grade of C or better.

MATHEMATICS COREQUISITE (MCR)

MCR 1 LEARNING SUPPORT FOR BASIC TECHNICAL MATHEMATICS (2 cr.)
Provides mathematical instruction for students who require minimum preparation for college-level but still need further preparation to succeed. Students in this course will be co-enrolled in college-level Basic Technical Mathematics. Credits not applicable toward graduation and do not replace MTT courses waived. Successful completion of Basic Technical Mathematics results in the prerequisite MTT being satisfied. Lecture 1-2 hours. Total 1-2 hours per week. Prerequisites: Completion of any one of the MTT Modules 1-3. Corequisite: MTH 111.

MCR 2 LEARNING SUPPORT FOR FUNDAMENTALS OF REASONING (2 cr.)
Provides mathematical instruction for students who require minimum preparation for college-level but still need further preparation to succeed. Students in this course will be co-enrolled in college-level Fundamentals of Reasoning. Credits not applicable toward graduation and do not replace MTT courses waived. Successful completion of Fundamentals of Reasoning results in the prerequisite MTT being satisfied. Lecture 1-2 hours. Total 1-2 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): Completion of any one of the MTT Modules 1-3. Corequisite: MTH 130.

MCR 4 LEARNING SUPPORT FOR QUANT REASONING (2 cr.)
Provides instruction for students who require minimum preparation for college- level Quantitative Reasoning. Students in this course will be co-enrolled in MTH 154. Credits are not applicable toward graduation and do not replace MTT courses waived. Successful completion of Quantitative Reasoning results in the prerequisite MTT being satisfied. Lecture 1-2 hours. Total 1-2 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): Completion of any three of the MTT Modules 1-5 and Corequisite: MTH 154: Quantitative Reasoning.

MCR 5 LEARNING SUPPORT FOR STATISTICAL REASONING (2 cr.)
Provides instruction for students who require minimum preparation for college-level Statistical Reasoning. Students in this course will be co-enrolled in MTH 155. Credits not applicable toward graduation and do not replace MTT courses waived. Successful completion of Statistical Reasoning results in the prerequisite MTT being satisfied. Lecture 1-2 hours. Total 1-2 hours per week. Prerequisites: Completion of any three of the MTT Modules 1-5 and Corequisite: MTH 155: Statistical Reasoning.

MCR 6 LEARNING SUPPORT FOR PRECALCULUS I (2 cr.)
Provides instruction for students who require minimum preparation for college-level Precalculus. Students in this course will be co-enrolled in MTH 161. Credits not applicable toward graduation and do not replace MTT courses waived. Successful completion of Precalculus I results in the prerequisite MTT being satisfied. Lecture 1-2 hours. Total 1-2 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): Completion of any seven of the MTT Modules 1-9 and Corequisite: MTH 161: Precalculus I.

MCR 7 LEARNING SUPPORT FOR PRECALCULUS WITH TRIGONOMETRY (2 cr.)
Provides instruction for students who require minimum preparation for college-level Precalculus but still need further preparation to succeed. Students in this course will be co-enrolled in MTH 167. Credits not applicable toward graduation and do not replace MTT courses waived. Successful completion of Precalculus w/ Trig results in the prerequisite MTT being satisfied. Lecture 1-2 hours. Total 1-2 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): Completion of any seven of the MTT Modules 1-9 and Corequisite: MTH 167: Precalculus with Trigonometry.

MCR 8 LEARNING SUPPORT FOR BUSINESS MATH 2 cr.)
Provides mathematical instruction for student who require minimum preparation for college-level but still need further preparation to succeed. Students in this course will be co-enrolled in college-level Business Mathematics. Credits not applicable toward graduation and do not replace MTT courses waived. Successful completion of Business Mathematics results in the prerequisite MTT modules being satisfied. Lecture 1-2 hours. Total 1-2 hours per week. Prerequisites: Completion of any one of the MTT Modules 1-3. Corequisite: MTH 132.

MCR 9 LEARNING SUPPORT IN MATHEMATICS FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONS (2 cr.)
Provides mathematical instruction for students who require minimum preparation for college-level but still need further preparation to succeed. Students in this course will be co-enrolled in college-level Mathematics for Health Professions. Credits not applicable toward graduation and do not replace MTT courses waived. Successful completion of Mathematics for Health Professions results in the prerequisite MTT being satisfied. Lecture 1-2 hours. Total 1-2 hours per week. Prerequisites: Completion of any one of the MTT Modules 1-3. Corequisite: MTH 133.

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY (MEC)

MEC 112 PROCESSES OF INDUSTRY (3 cr.)
Analyzes the processes of manufacturing products from materials for industry/ engineering. Includes machining, casting, forming, molding, hot/cold working, chipless machining, and welding. Addresses quality assurance and inspection procedures. Lecture 3 hours per week.

MEC 119 INTRODUCTION TO BASIC CNC AND CAM (3 cr.)
Teaches the basic concepts of Computer Numerical Control (CNC) programming of Numerical Control Machinery with emphasis on Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM)/ Computer Aided Drafting (CAD). Program writing procedures will be based on using the following: basic G-code programming language for CNC machinery, CAD/CAM programming systems to produce correct code for CNC Machinery, basic computer usage, CAD/CAM integration, and Code-to-machine transfer via Distributive Numeric Control (DNC). Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

MEC 140 INTRODUCTION TO MECHATRONICS (3 cr.)
Presents foundational concepts in mechatronics including analog and digital electronics, sensors, actuators, microprocessors, and microprocessor interfacing to electro-mechanical systems. Surveys components and measurement equipment used in the design, installation, and repair of mechatronic equipment and circuits. Prerequisite: divisional approval. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

MEC 155 MECHANISMS (3 cr.)
Studies the purpose and actions of cams, gear trains, levers, and other mechanical devices used to transmit control. Focuses on motions, linkages, velocities, and acceleration of points within a link mechanism; layout method for designing cams and gear grain. Requires preparation of weekly laboratory reports. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

MEC 165 APPLIED HYDRAULICS, PNEUMATICS AND HYDROSTATICS (3 cr.)
Teaches fluid power system design, operation, testing, maintenance and repair. Includes reservoirs, pump connecting valves, cylinders, pressure regulating valves, flow control valves, hydraulic motors, and introduction to basic hydrostatic hydraulic systems. Prerequisite: MEC 140 or ETR 140. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3hours. Total 5 hours per week.

MEDIA TECHNOLOGY (MET)

MET 293 STUDIES IN (3 cr.)
Covers new content not covered in existing courses in the discipline. Allows instructor to explore content and instructional methods to assess the course's viability as a permanent offering. Variable hours per week. 1-5 credits. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MET 295 TOPICS IN (3 cr.)
Provides an opportunity to explore topical areas of interest to or needed by students. May be used also for special honors courses. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours per week. 1-5 credits. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MENTAL HEALTH (MEN)

MEN 135 HUMAN SERVICES AND THE LAW (3 cr.)
Examines current issues in mental health and impact of federal and state laws on delivery of services. Considers issues of civil commitment of the mentally ill and confidentiality and rights of clients. Add a focus on MR clients. Lecture 3 hours per week.

MOTORSPORTS MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY (MTS)

MTS 95 TOPICS IN MOTORSPORTS (3 cr.)
Provides an opportunity to explore topical areas of interest to or needed by students. May be used also for special honors courses. May be repeated for credit.

MTS 100 INTRODUCTION TO MOTORSPORTS MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Provides a survey of the motorsports industry. Includes history, growth, and economic impact of motorsports. Includes sanctioning organizations, classification and characteristics of vehicles, related to businesses and industries, financial issues, career opportunities, and other motorsports-related topics. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. Co-requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 110 INTRODUCTION TO MOTORSPORTS MARKETING (3 cr.)
Provides an overview of the principles of marketing goods and services related to the motorsports industry. Includes motorsports promotion, motorsports products, media impact, use of technology in motorsports marketing, motorsports sponsors, hospitality management, public relations, and other topics related to motorsports marketing. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. Co-requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 126 MOTORSPORTS TECHNOLOGY II (3 cr.)
Introduces the student to charging, ignition systems and fuel systems of Stock car racing. Provides hands- on experience with specialized ignition systems, charging systems, fuel cells, fuel delivery, carburetion, and backup systems. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: All developmental English requirements met, MTT Modules 1-3, MTH 111, and MTS 125. Co-requisite: MTS 95 and PHY 131.

MTS 130 MOTORSPORTS STRUCTURAL TECHNOLOGY I (3 cr.)
Introduces the student to the basic design and fabrication of a racecar. Develops skills for use of the tools, equipment, and materials in the production of a racecar. Emphasizes safety, accuracy, and aesthetics of the racecar and the work environment. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: All Developmental English requirements met, MTT Modules 1-3, MTS 125 and WEL 130. Co-requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 131 MOTORSPORTS STRUCTURAL TECHNOLOGY II (3 cr.)
Introduces the student to the design and fabrication of a roll cage. Develops skills in the use of tools, equipment, and materials selection to bend, form, and fabricate the primary structural safety component. Emphasizes NASCAR and other sanctioning bodies' specifications. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: MTS 130. Co-requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 132 MOTORSPORTS STRUCTURAL TECHNOLOGY III (3 cr.)
Introduces the student to the design and fabrication of body parts. Develops skills in the use of tools, equipment, and materials selection to bend, form, and fabricate the primary structural safety component. Emphasizes NASCAR and other sanctioning bodies’ specifications. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: MTS 130 and MTS 131. Co-requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 135 SHEET METAL FABRICATION (3 cr.)
Introduces sheet metal terminology, fabrication, and installation for covering structural framework of race cars. Provides project oriented, problem-based experiences with equipment and machinery used in the Motorsports Industry. Lecture 2 hour, Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Co- requisite: MTS 95 and MTS 295.

MTS 140 STOCK CAR ENGINES I (3 cr.)
Provides a comprehensive study concerning all areas of race engines including cylinder block configuration and classification. Covers principles of race engine operation and subsystems. Included are lubrication systems (both wet and dry sump) and specialized cooling systems. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisites: All developmental English requirements met, and MTH 111 or MTH 161. Co-requisite: MTS 95 and PHY 131.

MTS 150 ENGINE MACHINING PROCESSES I (4 cr.)
Introduces general machining techniques and practices relating to engines and fabrication of Stock Car engine parts. Includes applied mathematics operations found in machining race engines. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Prerequisites: All developmental English requirements met, and MTH 103 or MTH 163. Co-requisite: MTS 95 and PHY 131.

MTS 195 HIGH PERFORMANCE ENGINE INDUCTION SYSTEMS (3 cr.)
Introduces the concepts and practices of modification in the upper engine systems. Includes carburetion, cylinder heads, intake manifold, valves, and components that supply gas and air to the engine. Hands on experiences will reinforce the research and development stages of the high performance engine horsepower output development. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Co-requisite: MTS 95 and PHY 131. Prerequisites: All developmental English requirements met, and MTH 111 or MTH 161.

MTS 205 MOTORSPORTS SAFETY, ENVIRONMENTAL, AND TRANSPORT ISSUES (3 cr.)
Provides an overview of the safety, environmental, and transportation issues related to the motorsports industry. Includes workplace regulations; materials handling; transport of vehicles and other equipment; moving complex operations; housing of personnel; DOT regulations; and other issues related to the safety, environment, and transport in the motorsports industry. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. Co-requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 210 RACE CAR SETUP I (3 cr.)
Introduces the student to basic chassis geometry. Develops skills to square the wheelbase, set ride heights, and establish proper weight distribution. Emphasizes teamwork, communication of settings, and accuracy in set up. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: All Developmental English requirements met, MTT Modules 1- 3, MTS 131. Co-requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 211 RACE CAR SETUP II (3 cr.)
Exposes the student to advanced racecar geometry. Develops skills to engage in on- track adjustments for top performance of the vehicle. Emphasizes application of skills on-site and under race conditions. Lecture 1 hours. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: MTS 210. Co-requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 240 STOCK CAR ENGINES II (3 cr.)
Introduces the student to the engine short block assembly and proper machining of the cylinder block. Employs various machining techniques needed to bore final size, relieve pressure, and lighten the cylinder block for assembly. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisites: MTS 140 and MTS 150. Co-requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 241 STOCK CAR ENGINES III (3 cr.)
Introduces the student to cylinder head machining and processes related to applications of racecar set-up and repair. Review processes performed in aluminum and cast iron head repair. Introduces stock car valve train flow characteristics and combustion chamber measurements. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: MTS 240. Co- requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 250 ENGINE MACHINING PROCESSES II (3 cr.)
Introduces the student to comprehensive machining techniques related to engine and fabrication processes of race engine parts. Demonstrates and performs modern CNC machining operations for race engines. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 4 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisites: MTS 140 and MTS 150. Co- requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 290 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (2 cr.)
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Variable hours.

MTS 295 MACHINING AND WELDING (3 cr.)
Introduction to safety procedures, bench work, hand tools, precision measuring instruments, drill presses, cut-off saws, milling machines and lathes. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: All Developmental English requirements met, and MTT Modules 1-3. Co- requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 295 INTRODUCTION TO PIT STOP (2 cr.)
Introduces the student to the importance of health, wellness and safety procedures for increased performance and reliability in Pit Stop times. Focuses on the basics and speed of chassis adjustments, tire changing, jacking, and gas can process. Lecture 3 hours per week. Co-requisite MTS 95.

MTS 298 PROJECT IN MOTORSPORTS MARKETING (3 cr.)
Builds on basic marketing and management principles by applying them to real world Motorsports projects. Students will apply marketing techniques to market Motorsports products and services. Co-requisite: MTS 95.

MTS 298 DYNO ENGINE PERFORMANCE (3 cr.)
Introduces the comprehensive use of the Engine Dynamometer within the high performance environment. Includes advanced theory and applications for engine performance factors. Provides hands on experiences with working engines. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Co-requisite: MTS 95, MTS 240 and MTS 250.

MUSIC (MUS)

MUS 112 MUSIC THEORY II (4 cr.)
Discusses elements of musical construction of scales, intervals, triads, and chord progressions. Develops ability to sing at sight and write from dictation. Introduces the analysis of the Bach chorale style. Expands facility with harmonic dictation and enables the student to use these techniques at the keyboard. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MUS 121 MUSIC APPRECIATION I (3 cr.)
Increases the variety and depth of the student’s interest, knowledge, and involvement in music and related cultural activities. Acquaints the student with traditional and twentieth century music literature, emphasizing the relationship music has as an art form with man and society. Increases the student’s awareness of the composers and performers of all eras through listening and concert experiences. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MUS 135 JAZZ ENSEMBLE (1 cr.)
Consists of performance from Standard Jazz and American Songbook Repertoires, including study of ensemble techniques, interpretation, and improvisation. Divisional approval required. May be repeated for credit. (1-2 cr.)
Lecture 0, Lab 3-6 hours. Total 3-6 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MUS 136 APPLIED MUSIC-VOICE (1 cr.)
Teaches singing, proper breath control, diction, and development of tone. Studies the standard vocal repertoire. Laboratory 4-8 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MUS 137 CHORUS ENSEMBLE (1 cr.)
Ensemble consists of performance from the standard repertoires, including study of ensemble techniques and interpretation. May be repeated for credit. Laboratory 3-6 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MUS 145 APPLIED MUSIC - KEYBOARD (1 cr.)
Teaches piano, organ, harpsichord, or synthesizer. Studies the standard repertoire. Laboratory 4-8 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MUS 149 BAND ENSEMBLE (1 cr.)
Ensemble consists of performance from the standard repertoires, including study of ensemble techniques and interpretation. Divisional approval required. May be repeated for credit. Laboratory 3-6 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MUS 155 APPLIED MUSIC - WOODWINDS (1 cr.)
Teaches fundamentals of the woodwind instruments. Studies the standard repertoire. Laboratory 4-8 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MUS 175 APPLIED MUSIC - BRASS (1 cr.)
Teaches fundamentals of brass instruments. Studies the standard repertoire. Laboratory 4-8 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MUS 185 APPLIED MUSIC - PERCUSSION (1 cr.)
Teaches fundamentals of percussion instruments. Studies the standard repertoire. Laboratory 4-8 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

MUS 236 ADVANCED APPLIED MUSIC - VOICE (1 cr.)
Continues MUS 136. Private lessons are available for either 1 or 2 hours of credit per semester. The length of the lessons will be 1/2 hour for 1 hour credit and 1 hour for 2 hours credit per semester. All courses in applied music may be repeated for a total of 8 hours for the major and 4 hours for the minor. Laboratory 1-2 hours per week. Divisional approval required.

NATURAL SCIENCE (NAS)

NAS 150 HUMAN BIOLOGY (4 cr.)
Surveys the structure and function of the human body. Applies principally to students who are not majoring in the health or science fields. Lecture 4 hours per week. Prerequisite ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite and one high school college prep level science class with no grade below C.

NURSING (NUR/NSG)

NSG 100: INTRODUCTION TO NURSING CONCEPTS (4 cr.)
Introduces concepts of nursing practice and conceptual learning. Focuses on basic nursing concepts with an emphasis on safe nursing practice and the development of the nursing process. Provides supervised learning experiences in college nursing laboratories and/or simulated environments. Prerequisite: Acceptance to nursing program; BIO 141. Corequisite: NSG 106, NSG 130, NSG 200, and BIO 142. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

NSG 106: COMPETENCIES FOR NURSING PRACTICE (2 cr.)
Focuses on the application of concepts through clinical skill development. Emphasizes the use of clinical judgement in skill acquisition. Includes principles of safety, evidence- based practice, informatics and math computational skills. Prepares students to demonstrate competency in specific skills and drug dosage calculation including the integration of skills in the care of clients in simulated settings. Provides supervised learning experiences in college nursing laboratories and/or simulated environments. Prerequisite: BIO 141. Corequisite: NSG 100, NSG 130, NSG 200, and BIO 142. Lecture 1 hour. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 4 hours a week.

NSG 115 - HEALTHCARE CONCEPTS FOR TRANSITION (4 cr.)
Focuses on role transition from Licensed Practical Nurse to Registered professional nurse. Incorporates concepts of nursing practice and conceptual learning to promote health and wellness across the lifespan. Uses the nursing process to explore care delivery for selected diverse populations with common and predictable illness. Emphasizes the use of clinical judgement in skill acquisition. Prerequisites: BIO 141 & BIO 142, ENG 111, PSY 230, CST 110, SDV 108; Acceptance to the Transition Program; Co-requisites: NSG 200 Health Promotion and Assessment; BIO 205, Microbiology. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

NSG 130: PROFESSIONAL NURSING CONCEPTS (1 cr.)
Introduces the role of the professional nurse and fundamental concepts in professional development. Focuses on professional identity, legal/ethical issues and contemporary trends in professional nursing. Prerequisite: BIO 141. Corequisite: NSG 100, NSG 106, NSG 200 and BIO 142. Lecture 1 hour. Total 1 hour per week.

NSG 152: HEALTH CARE PARTICIPANT (3 cr.)
Focuses on the health and wellness of the health care participant defined as individuals and families in a variety of communities throughout the lifespan. Covers concepts that focus on client attributes and preferences regarding health care. Emphasizes population-focused care. Provides supervised learning experiences in college nursing laboratories and/or cooperating agencies. Prerequisite: BIO 142, NSG 100, NSG 106, NSG 130, NSG 200. Corequisite: NSG 170 and BIO 205. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

NSG 170: HEALTH/ILLNESS CONCEPTS (6 cr.)
Focuses on the nursing care of individuals and/or families throughout the lifespan with an emphasis on health and illness concepts. Includes concepts of nursing care for the antepartum client and clients with common and predictable illnesses. Provides supervised learning experiences in college nursing laboratories and/or simulated environments. Prerequisite: BIO 142, NSG 100, NSG 106, NSG 130. Co-requisite: NSG 152 and BIO 205. Lecture 4 hours, Laboratory 6 hours. Total 10 hours per week.

NSG 200: HEALTH PROMOTION AND ASSESSMENT (3 cr.)
Introduces assessment and health promotion for the individual and family. Includes assessment of infants, children, adults, geriatric clients and pregnant females. Emphasizes health history and the acquisition of physical assessment skills with underlying concepts of development, communication, and health promotion. Prepares students to demonstrate competency in the assessment of clients across the lifespan. Provides supervised learning experiences in college nursing laboratories and/or simulated environments. Prerequisite: BIO 141. Corequisite: NSG 100, NSG 106, NSG 130 and BIO 142. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

NSG 210: HEALTH CARE CONCEPTS I (5 cr.)
Focuses on care of clients across the lifespan in multiple settings including concepts related to psychological health alterations and reproduction. Emphasizes the nursing process in the development of clinical judgement for clients with multiple needs. Provides supervised learning experiences in college nursing laboratories and/or simulated environments. Prerequisite: BIO 205, NSG 152, NSG 170. Co-requisite: NSG 211 and SOC 200. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 9 hours per week.

NSG 211: HEALTH CARE CONCEPTS II (5 cr.)
Focuses on care of clients across the lifespan in multiple settings including concepts related to psychological health alterations. Emphasizes the nursing process in the development of clinical judgement for clients with multiple needs. Provides supervised learning experiences in college nursing laboratories and/or simulated environments. Prerequisite: NSG 152, NSG 170 and BIO 205. Co-requisite: NSG 210 and SOC 200. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 9 hours per week.

NSG 230: ADVANCED PROFESSIONAL NURSING CONCEPTS (2 cr.)
— Develops the role of the professional nurse in the healthcare environment in preparation for practice as a registered nurse. Introduces leadership and management concepts and focuses on the integration of professional behaviors in a variety of healthcare settings. Prerequisite: NSG 210, NSG 211 and SOC 200. Corequisite: NSG 252, NSG 270. HUM EEE, and SDV 299. Lecture 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

NSG 252: COMPLEX HEALTH CONCEPTS (4 cr.)
Focuses on nursing care of diverse individuals and families integrating complex health concepts. Emphasizes clinical judgement, patient-centered care and collaboration. Prerequisite: NSG 210, NSG 211 and SOC 200. Corequisite: NSG 230, NSG 270, HUM EEE and SDV 299. Lecture 4 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

NSG 270: NURSING CAPSTONE (4 cr.)
Provides students the opportunity to comprehensively apply and integrate learned concepts from previous nursing courses into a capstone experience. Emphasizes the mastery of patient- centered care, safety, nursing judgement, professional behaviors, informatics, quality improvement, and collaboration in the achievement of optimal outcomes of care. Provides supervised learning experiences in faculty and/or preceptor-guided college nursing laboratories and/or simulated environments. Prerequisite: NSG 210, NSG 211, and SOC 200. Co-requisite: NSG 230, 252, HUM EEE, and SDV 299. Laboratory 12 hours. Total 12 hours per week.

NUR 21 NURSE AIDE CLINICAL EXPEREINCE (1 cr.)
Provides guided nurse aide experiences for practicing skills in the clinical setting. Applies fundamental principles of basic nurse aide care. Laboratory 3 hours per week. Pre-requisite ENF 1, NUR 27.

NUR 27 NURSE AIDE I (5 cr.)
Teaches care of older patients with emphasis on the social, emotional, and spiritual needs. Covers procedures; communication and interpersonal relations; observation, charting and reporting; safety and infection control; anatomy and physiology; personal care, nutrition and patient feeding; death and dying. May include laboratory or clinical hours. Lecture 4 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 7 hours per week. Pre-requisite ENF 1.

NUR 118 FIRST LEVEL NURSING II (8 cr.)
Focuses on the nursing care of individuals and/or families throughout the lifespan experiencing changes along the health/illness continuum that are common, well-defined, and have predictable outcomes. Content includes math computational skills, basic computer instruction related to the delivery of nursing care; assessment and nursing care of the child; nursing care of productive health/disorders, pre/intra/ postnatal child bearing family and musculoskeletal and neurological disorders. Provides supervised learning experiences in college nursing laboratory and/or cooperating agencies. Lecture 5 hours. Laboratory 9 hours. Total 14 hours per week. Prerequisites: NUR 111, BIO 141 & PSY 230. Co-requisite: BIO 142, NUR 247.

NUR 135 DRUG DOSAGE CALCULATIONS (2 cr.)
Focuses on apothecary, metric, household conversion in medication dosage calculation for adult and pediatric clients. Provides a practical approach to learning to calculate and prepare medications and solutions. Includes calculating intravenous flow rates. Lecture 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: MTT Modules 1-3

NUR 221 SECOND LEVEL NURSING PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS I (9 cr.)
Focuses on nursing care of individuals, families, and/or groups with multi- dimensional needs in a variety of settings. Uses all components of the nursing process with increasing degrees of skill. Includes math computational skills, basic computer instruction related to the delivery of nursing care and nursing care related to infectious, immunological, oncological, hematological, gastro- intestinal, vascular, sensory, genitourinary musculoskeletal, regulatory, endocrine, and women's health disorders and pre/intra/post-operative care. Provides supervised learning experiences in college nursing laboratories and/or cooperating agencies. Lecture 6 hours. Laboratory 9 hours. Total 15 hours per week. Prerequisites: NUR 118, NUR 247, PSY 230 and BIO 141-142.

NUR 222 SECOND LEVEL NURSING PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS II (10 cr.)
Focuses on nursing care of individuals, families, and/or groups with multi- dimensional needs in a variety of settings. Uses all components of the nursing process with increasing degrees of skill. Includes math computation skills, basic computer instruction related to the delivery of nursing care and nursing care related to cardiac, respiratory, neurological disorders; emergency care, and leadership principles. Provides supervised learning experiences in college nursing laboratories and/or cooperating agencies. Lecture 6 hours. Laboratory 14 hours. Total 20 hours per week. Co- requisite: NUR 254. Prerequisite: NUR 221.

NUR 247 PSYCHIATRIC/MENTALHEALTH NURSING (3 cr.)
Develops nursing skills in caring for individuals, families, and/or groups with mental health needs. Explores various treatment models, diagnostic categories, and rehabilitative measures. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: NUR 111. Co-requisites: NUR 118.

NUR 254 DIMENSIONS OF PROFESSIONAL NURSING (2 cr.)
Explores the role of the professional nurse. Emphasizes nursing organizations, legal and ethical implications, and addresses trends in management and organizational skills. Explores group dynamics, relationships, conflicts, and leadership styles. Lecture 2 hours per week. Prerequisite NUR 221. Co- requisite: NUR 222.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND RECREATION (PED)

PED 101 FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY I (1 cr.)
Presents principles underlying the components of physical fitness. Utilizes conditioning activities involving cardiovascular strength and endurance, respiratory efficiency, muscular strength, and flexibility. May include fitness assessment, nutrition and weight control information, and concepts of wellness. Part I of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 102 FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY II (1 cr.)
Presents principles underlying the components of physical fitness. Utilizes conditioning activities involving cardiovascular strength and endurance, respiratory efficiency, muscular strength, and flexibility. May include fitness assessment, nutrition and weight control information, and concepts of wellness. Part II of II Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: PED 101.

PED 103 AEROBIC FITNESS I (1 cr.)
Develops cardiovascular fitness though activities designed to elevate and sustain heart rates appropriate to age and physical condition. Part I of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 104 AEROBIC FITNESS II (1cr.)
Develops cardiovascular fitness though activities designed to elevate and sustain heart rates appropriate to age and physical condition. Part II of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 105 AEROBIC DANCE I (1cr.)
Focuses on physical fitness through dance exercises. Emphasizes the development of cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, and flexibility. Part I of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 107 EXERCISE AND NUTRITION I (1 cr.)
Provides for the study and application of fitness and wellness and their relationship to a healthy lifestyle. Defines fitness and wellness, evaluates the student’s level of fitness and wellness. Students will incorporate physical fitness and wellness into the course and daily living. A personal fitness/wellness plan is required for the 2 credit course. Part I of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 108 EXERCISE AND NUTRITION II (1 cr.)
Provides for the study and application of fitness and wellness and their relationship to a healthy lifestyle. Defines fitness and wellness, evaluates the student’s level of fitness and wellness. Students will incorporate physical fitness and wellness into the course and daily living. A personal fitness/ wellness plan is required for the 2 credit course. Part II of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 109 YOGA (1 cr.)
Focuses on the forms of yoga training emphasizing flexibility. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 110 ZUMBA (1cr.)
Focuses on Latin rhythms, dance moves and techniques in Zumba. Utilizes physical activity, cardiovascular endurance, balance, coordination and flexibility as related to dance. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 111 WEIGHT TRAINING I (1 cr.)
Focuses on muscular strength and endurance training through individualized workout programs. Teaches appropriate use of weight training equipment. Part I of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 112 WEIGHT TRAINING II (1-2 cr.)
Focuses on muscular strength and endurance training through individualized workout programs. Teaches appropriate use of weight training equipment. Part II of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 118 BASEBALL FUNDAMENTALS I (1 cr.)
Enhances the mental and physical ability of students for playing the sport of baseball. Consists of units related to weight training, flexibility, fielding, throwing, hitting, pitching, and position play. Students will gain knowledge about the history of the sport and gain an understanding and respect for the game and its role in society. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 119 BASEBALL FUNDAMENTALS II (1 cr.)
Continues to enhance the mental and physical ability of students for playing the sport of baseball. Continues to teach the skills necessary to play the sport. Provides students with the opportunity to evaluate, train, and coach players in order to enhance others' playing abilities. Provides an understanding of the multiple processes involved in forming a baseball team. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 120 YOGA II (1 cr.)
Focuses on the forms of yoga training emphasizing flexibility. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: PED 109.

PED 123 TENNIS I (1 cr.)
Teaches tennis skills with emphasis on stroke development and strategies for individual and team play. Includes rules, scoring, terminology, and etiquette. Part I of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 124 TENNIS II (1 cr.)
Teaches tennis skills with emphasis on stroke development and strategies for individual and team play. Includes rules, scoring, terminology, and etiquette. Part II of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 129 SELF-DEFENSE (1 cr.)
Examines history, techniques, and movements associated with self- defense. Introduces the skills and methods of self- defense emphasizing mental and physical discipline. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 133 GOLF I (1 cr.)
Teaches basic skills of golf, rules, etiquette, scoring, terminology, equipment selection and use, and strategy. Part I of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 134 GOLF II (1 cr.)
Teaches basic skills of golf, rules, etiquette, scoring, terminology, equipment selection and use, and strategy. Part II of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 137 MARTIAL ARTS I (1 cr.)
Emphasizes forms, styles, and techniques of body control, physical and mental discipline, and physical fitness. Presents a brief history of development of martial arts theory and practice. Part I of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 138 MARTIAL ARTS II (1 cr.)
Emphasizes forms, styles, and techniques of body control, physical and mental discipline, and physical fitness. Presents a brief history of development of martial arts theory and practice. Part II of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 150 SOCCER (1 cr.)
Emphasizes soccer skills and techniques, strategies, rules, equipment, and physical conditioning. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 152 BASKETBALL (1cr.)
Introduces basketball skills, techniques, rules, and strategies Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 154 VOLLEYBALL (1 cr.)
Introduces skills, techniques, strategies, rules, and scoring. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 156 SOFTBALL (1 cr.)
Emphasizes softball skills, techniques, strategies, and rules. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 157 SOCCER II (1cr.)
Emphasizes advanced soccer skills and techniques, strategies, rules, equipment, and physical conditioning. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: PED 150.

PED 163 JAZZ I (1cr.)
Introduces dance through contemporary jazz movements. Includes floor stretches, isolations, dance patterns and locomotor movements. Part I of II. Lecture 0 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 2 hours per week.

PED 206 SPORTS APPRECIATION (2 cr.)
Focuses on the history, trends, rules, methods, strategy, and terminology of selected sports activities. Provides student awareness as a spectator and/or participant. Lecture 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

PED 210 INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND HEALTH (3 cr.)
Provides an overview of the historical, philosophical, psychological, physiological, and sociological principles of health, physical education, and recreation. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

PED 220 ADULT HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT (3 cr.)
Provides direct application of the theories of aging and physical activity. Teaches techniques for developing appropriate individualized fitness and activity programs for older adults. Focuses on physical, social, and mental well-being. Includes assessment and evaluation of physical fitness principles, role of exercise in disease prevention, leadership skills and communication strategies. (Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

PHILOSOPHY (PHI)

PHI 101 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY I (3 cr.)
Introduces a broad spectrum of philosophical problems and perspectives with an emphasis on the systematic questioning of basic assumptions about meaning, knowledge, reality, and values. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

PHI 111 LOGIC I (3 cr.)
Introduces inductive and deductive reasoning, with an emphasis on common errors and fallacies. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

PHI 220 ETHICS (3 cr.)
Provides a systematic study of representative ethical systems. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

PHYSICS (PHY)

PHY 101 - INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS I (4 cr.)
Surveys general principles of physics. Includes topics such as force and motion, energy, heat, sound, light, electricity and magnetism, and modern physics. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week.

PHY 131 APPLIED PHYSICS I (3 cr.)
Emphasizes applications of topics such as precision measurement, statics, dynamics, energy, momentum, properties of matter, heat, sound, optics, electricity and magnetism. Prerequisites high school algebra, geometry and trigonometry, or equivalent or divisional approval. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisites: MTT Modules 1-9, ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

PHY 132 APPLIED PHYSICS II (3 cr.)
Emphasizes applications of topics such as precision measurement, statics, dynamics, energy, momentum, properties of matter, heat, sound, optics, electricity and magnetism. Prerequisites: PHY 131, high school algebra, geometry and trigonometry, or equivalent or divisional approval. Part II of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

PHY 201 GENERAL COLLEGE PHYSICS I (4 cr.)
Teaches fundamental principles of physics. Covers mechanics, thermodynamics, wave phenomena, electricity and magnetism, and selected topics in modern physics. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: MTH 161, ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

PHY 202 GENERAL COLLEGE PHYSICS II (4 cr.)
Teaches fundamental principles of physics. Covers mechanics, thermodynamics, wave phenomena, electricity and magnetism, and selected topics in modern physics. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: PHY 201, MTH 161.

PHY 241 UNIVERSITY PHYSICS I (4 cr.)
Teaches principles of classical and modern physics. Includes mechanics, wave phenomena, heat, electricity, magnetism, relativity, and nuclear physics. Prerequisites for PHY 241: MTH 263 or divisional approval and ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. PHY 242 UNIVERSITY PHYSICS II (4 cr.)
Teaches principles of classical and modern physics. Includes mechanics, wave phenomena, heat, electricity, magnetism, relativity, and nuclear physics. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 6 hours per week. Prerequisites for PHY 241: MTH 263 or divisional approval.

POLITICAL SCIENCE (PLS)

PLS 211 U.S. GOVERNMENT I (3 cr.)
Teaches structure, operation, and process of national, state, and local governments. Includes in-depth study of the three branches of the government and of public policy. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: Placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. May be taken out of sequence.

PLS 212 U.S. GOVERNMENTI I (3 cr.)
Teaches structure, operation, and process of national, state, and local governments. Includes in-depth study of the three branches of the government and of public policy. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. May be taken out of sequence.

PRACTICAL NURSING (PNE)

PNE 141 NURSING SKILLS I (2 cr.)
Studies principles and procedures essential to the basic nursing care of patients. Lecture 1 hour per week. Part I of II. Laboratory 3 hours per week. Total 4 hours per week. Co-requisites: NAS 150, NUR 135, & PNE 161. Must be accepted to the PN Program.

PNE 142 NURSING SKILLS II (2 cr.)
Studies principles and procedures essential to the basic nursing care of patients. Lecture 0-2 hour per week. Part II of II. Lab 3-6 hours per week. Total 4 hours per week. Co- requisites: NAS 150, NUR 135, & PNE 161, HLT 141. Must be accepted to the PN Program.

PNE 145 TRENDS IN PRACTICAL NURSING (1 cr.)
Studies the role of the Licensed Practical Nurse. Covers legal aspects, organizations, and opportunities in practical nursing. Assists students in preparation for employment. Lecture 1 hour per week. Prerequisite: PNE 163. Co-requisite: PNE 164, PNE 158.

PNE 158 MENTAL HEALTH AND PSYCHIATRIC NURSING (2 cr.)
Recognizes emotional needs of patients. Provides knowledge of the role that emotions play. Enables students to understand their own behavior as well as patient behavior. Lecture 2 hours per week. Co-requisite: PNE 164, PNE 145.

PNE 161 NURSING IN HEALTH CHANGES I (6 cr.)
Focuses on nursing situations and procedures necessary to assist individuals in meeting special needs related to human functions. Lecture 4 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 10 hours per week. Co- requisite: HLT 141; PNE 141; PNE 142, NAS 150. Must be accepted to the PN Program.

PNE 163 NURSING IN HEALTH CHANGES III (8 cr.)
Continues the focus on nursing situations and procedures necessary to assist individuals in meeting special needs related to human functions. Lecture 4 hours. Laboratory 12 hours. Total 16 hours per week. Prerequisite: PNE 161. PNE 141, PNE 142, NAS 150. Co-requisite: PSY 230, PNE 173. Must be accepted to the PN Program.

PNE 164 NURSING IN HEALTH CHANGES IV (11 cr.)
Continues the focus on nursing situations and procedures necessary to assist individuals in meeting special needs related to human functions. Lecture 6 hours. Laboratory 15 hours. Total 21 hours per week. Co-requisite: PNE 158, PNE 145

PNE 173 PHARMACOLOGY FOR PRACTICAL NURSES (2 cr.)
Studies history, classification, sources, effects, uses and legalities of drugs. Teaches problem solving skills used in medication administrations. Emphasizes major drug classes and specific agents within each class. Lecture 2 hours per week. Co- requisites: PNE 163.

PSYCHOLOGY (PSY)

PSY 126 PSYCHOLOGY FOR BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY (3 cr.)
Focuses on the application of psychology to interpersonal relations and the working environment. Includes topics such as group dynamics, motivation, employee-employer relationship, and interpersonal communications. May include techniques for selection and supervision of personnel. Lecture 3 hours per week.

PSY 135 CHILD CARE PSYCHOLOGY (3 cr.)
Analyzes the development of the child from conception to adolescence with concentration on physical, cognitive, emotional, and social growth patterns. Includes theory, research, and practical applications. Provides background for careers involving continuous work with children. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

PSY 200 PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGY (3 cr.)
Surveys the basic concepts of psychology. Covers the scientific study of behavior, behavioral research methods and analysis, and theoretical interpretations. Includes topics that cover physiological mechanisms, sensation/perception, motivation, learning, personality, psycho-pathology, therapy, and social psychology. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, ITE 95. NOTE: Credit will not be awarded for both PSY 200 and PSY 201.

PSY 215 ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY (3 cr.)
Explores historical views and current perspectives of abnormal behavior. Emphasizes major diagnostic categories and criteria, individual and social factors of maladaptive behavior, and types of therapy. Includes methods of clinical assessment and research strategies. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: PSY 200, 201, or 202.

PSY 216 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY (3 cr.)
Examines individuals in social contexts, their social roles, group processes and intergroup relations. Includes topics such as small group behavior, social behavior, social cognition, conformity, attitudes, and motivation. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: PSY 200, 201, or 202.

PSY 219 - CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY (3 cr.)
Investigates psychological principles from a cross- cultural perspective. Examines cultural basics for views of reality. Describes topics such as time, space, values, sex-roles, and human development in relation to culture. Prerequisites: PSY 200, 201 or 202. Lecture 3 hours per week.

PSY 230 DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY (3 cr.)
Studies the development of the individual from conception to death. Follows a life-span perspective on the developmental tasks of the person’s physical, cognitive, and psychosocial growth. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

RELIGION (REL)

REL 200 SURVEY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT (3 cr.)
Surveys books of the Old Testament, with emphasis on prophetic historical books. Examines the historical and geographical setting and place of the Israelites in the ancient Middle East as background to the writings. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENG 111 or division approval.

REL 210 SURVEY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT (3 cr.)
Surveys books of the New Testament, with special attention upon placing the writings within their historical and geographical setting. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENG 111 or division approval.

REL 231 RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD I (3 cr.)
Studies religions of the world with attention to origin, history, and doctrine. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENG 111 or division approval.

REL 232 RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD II (3 cr.)
Studies religions of the world with attention to origin, history, and doctrine. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENG 111 or division approval.

RECREATION AND PARKS (RPK)

RPK 100 INTRODUCTION TO RECREATION, PARKS & LEISURE STUDIES (3 cr.)
Includes history and philosophy of the Recreation and Parks movement. Discusses the theory of leisure and play. Analyzes leisure service delivery systems and career opportunities. Emphasizes the commercial, non- profit and public sectors, Armed Forces, therapeutic recreation as well as volunteer service. Prerequisite: A placement of ENG 111. Lecture 3 hours per week.

RPK 141 LEADERSHIP AND SUPERVISION (3 cr.)
Introduces leadership and supervision in the leisure services industry. Assesses leadership styles, traits and leadership theories and provides the opportunity for students to assess their own individual styles. Addresses group dynamics, conflict, and issue relating specifically to leadership of volunteers. Includes a leadership practicum. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

RPK 146 RECREATION FACILITIES MANAGEMENT & DESIGN (3 cr.)
Introduces concepts of facilities planning, site analysis, planning and zoning strategies, and landscape design. Emphasizes the creation and maintenance of “people-space.” Presents issues regarding community development, needs assessment, facility planning and design, geographic use patterns and demographics. Includes field experience. Prerequisite: Advanced standing. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

RPK 152 SPORTS FIRST AID & SAFETY (1 cr.)
Focuses on the introduction to first aid protocols causes, signs and symptoms of injury for coaches, injury prevention, preseason physicals, fitness screenings, and conditioning programs and return to play guidelines, injury prevention and risk management, as well as the design and implementation of a medical emergency plan. Laboratory 2 hours per week.

RKP 180 YOUTH SPORTS ADMINISTRATION (3 cr.)
Prepares coaching professionals to develop and implement emotionally and physically healthful youth sports programs. Includes an analysis of the youth sports program planning process including: philosophy development, learning styles and outcomes, managing parents and players, skills development, risk management, financial planning and strategic partnerships and sports event management. Lecture 3 hours per week.

RPK 201 RECREATION AND PARKS MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Examines organization and management of recreation and park agencies. Discusses theories and principles of management, organizational behavior, budget preparation, hiring preparation, hiring practices and personnel management, documentation and presentation. Examines software specific to recreation facility and program management. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

RPK 210 PRINCIPLES AND PSYCHOLOGY OF COACHING (3 cr.)
Provides and analysis of volunteer coaching and the coaching profession planning process including; philosophy development, learning styles and outcomes, managing parents and players, skills development, risk management, financial planning, drugs and eating disorders in sport and physical training. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

RPK 265 RISK MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Discusses the law and liability as they relate to the delivery of leisure services. Teaches practitioners legal principles necessary to analyze programs and facilities with respect to safety, emergency preparedness, and accident reporting protocols. Review hiring procedures, ADA compliance, national (CPSC, ASTM, OSHA) and professional standards (NRPA, ACA), certification and training standards (CPRP, CTRS), supervision and the role of maintenance and insurance. Uses case law and national compliance standards to illustrate legal principles. Prerequisite: Advanced standing. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: A placement of ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

RUSSIAN (RUS)

RUS 101 BEGINNING RUSSIAN I (5 cr.)
Develops the understanding, speaking, reading, and writing of Russian, and emphasizes the structure of the language. May include oral drill and practice. Part I of II. Lecture 5 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.

RUS 102 BEGINNING RUSSIAN II (5 cr.)
Develops the understanding, speaking, reading, and writing of Russian, and emphasizes the structure of the language. May include oral drill and practice. Part II of II. Lecture 5 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.

SAFETY (SAF)

SAF 126 PRINCIPLES OF INDUSTRIAL SAFETY (3 cr.)
Teaches principles and practices of accident prevention, analysis of accident causes, mechanical safeguards, fire prevention, housekeeping, occupational diseases, first aid, safety organization, protection equipment and general safety principles and promotion. Lecture 3 hours per week.

SAF 130 INDUSTRIAL SAFETY - OSHA 10 (1 cr.)
Presents an introduction to occupational health and safety and its application in the workplace. Emphasizes safety standards and the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA), its rules and regulations (OSHA 10). Lecture 1 hour per week.

SOCIOLOGY (SOC)

SOC 200 PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY (3 cr.)
Introduces fundamentals of social life. Presents significant research and theory in areas such as culture, social structure, socialization, deviance, social stratification, and social institutions. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite. NOTE: Credit will not be awarded for both SOC 200 and SOC 201.

SOC 207 MEDICAL SOCIOLOGY (3 cr.)
Surveys the social, economic, cultural, and individual factors in health and illness. Examines issues of wellness, health-care systems, physician-nurse-patient relationships, medical costs, ethics and policy. Lecture 3 hours per week.

SOC 210 SURVEY OF PHYSICAL AND CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY (3 cr.)
Examines physical characteristics and lifestyles of human ancestors and present populations. Explores cultures from around the world to study diverse adaptations made by humans. Lecture 3 hours per week.

SOC 211 PRINCIPLES OF ANTHROPOLOGY I (3 cr.)
Inquiries into the origins, development, and diversification of human biology and human cultures. Includes fossil records, physical origins of human development, human population genetics, linguistics, cultures' origins and variation, and historical and contemporary analysis of human societies. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week.

SOC 212 - PRINCIPLES OF ANTHROPOLOGY II (3 cr.)
Inquiries into the origins, development, and diversification of human biology and human cultures. Includes fossil records, physical origins of human development, human population genetics, linguistics, cultures' origins and variation, and historical and contemporary analysis of human societies. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week.

SOC 215 SOCIOLOGY OF THE FAMILY (3 cr.)
Studies topics such as marriage and family in social and cultural context. Addresses the single scene, dating and marriage styles, child rearing, husband and wife interaction, single parent families, alternative lifestyles. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

SOC 226 HUMAN SEXUALITY (3 cr.)
Studies sociological research and theory on sexuality. Includes anatomy and physiology, birth control, sexually transmitted diseases and sexual behavior. Also approved for offering as HLT 136. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

SOC 245 SOCIOLOGY OF AGING (3 cr.)
Introduces study of aging with special emphasis on later stages of the life cycle. Includes theories of aging, historical and comparative settings, social policy, and future trends of aging. Lecture 3 hours per week.

SOC 268 SOCIAL PROBLEMS (3 cr.)
Applies sociological concepts and methods to analysis of current social problems. Includes delinquency and crime, mental illness, drug addiction, alcoholism, sexual behavior, population crisis, race relations, family and community disorganization, poverty, automation, wars, and disarmament. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, and instructor approval.

SPANISH (SPA)

SPA 101 BEGINNING SPANISH I (4 cr.)
Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic Spanish sentence structure. May include an additional hour of oral drill and practice per week. Lecture 4 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week. Part I of II. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

SPA 102 BEGINNING SPANISH II (4 cr.)
Introduces understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills and emphasizes basic Spanish sentence structure. May include an additional hour of oral drill and practice per week. Lecture 4 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week. Part II of II. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

SPA 103 BASIC SPOKEN SPANISH I (3 cr.)
Teaches oral communication and introduces cultural mores and customs to students with no prior instruction in the language. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week.

SPA 104 BASIC SPOKEN SPANISH II (3 cr.)
Teaches oral communication and introduces cultural mores and customs to students with no prior instruction in the language. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week.

SPA 163 SPANISH FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS I (3 cr.)
Introduces Spanish to those in the health sciences. Emphasizes oral communication and practical medical vocabulary. May include oral drill and practice. Part I of II. Lecture 3 hours per week.

SPA 164 SPANISH FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS II (3 cr.)
Introduces Spanish to those in the health sciences. Emphasizes oral communication and practical medical vocabulary. May include oral drill and practice. Part II of II. Lecture 3 hours per week.

SPA 201 INTERMEDIATE SPANISH (4 cr.)
Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Prerequisite: SPA 102 or equivalent. May include oral drill and practice. Part I of II. Lecture 4 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.

SPA 202 INTERMEDIATE SPANISH (4 cr.)
Continues to develop understanding, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Prerequisite: SPA 102 or equivalent. May include oral drill and practice. Part II of II. Lecture 4 hours per week. May include one additional hour of oral practice per week.

STUDENT DEVELOPMENT (SDV)

SDV 100 COLLEGE SUCCESS SKILLS (1 cr.)
Assists students in transition to colleges. Provides overviews of college policies, procedures, and curricular offerings. Encourages contacts with other students and staff. Assists students toward college success through information regarding effective study habits, career and academic planning, and other college resources available to students. Strongly recommended for beginning students. Lecture 1 hour per week. Co-requisite: ENF 1.

SDV 101 ORIENTATION TO [Specify the discipline.] (1 cr.)
Introduces students to the skills which are necessary to achieve their academic goals, to the services offered at the college and to the discipline in which they are enrolled. Covers topics such as services at the college including the learning resources center; counseling, and advising; listening, test taking, and study skills; and topical areas which are applicable to their particular discipline. Lecture 1 hour per week. Co requisite: ENF 1.

SDV 104 STUDY SKILLS (2cr.)
Assists students in planning strategies to overcome nonproductive study habits and in implementing positive study behaviors. Includes management, memory improvement, note taking, and test taking. Lecture 2 hours per week.

SDV 106 Preparation for Employment (1 cr.)
Provides experience in resume writing, preparation of applications, letters of application, and successfully preparing for and completing the job interview. Assists students in identifying their marketable skills and aptitudes. Develops strategies for successful employment search. Assists students in understanding effective human relations techniques and communication skills in job search. Lecture 1 hour per week.

SDV 107 CAREER EDUCATION (1 cr.)
Surveys career options available to students. Stresses career development and assists in the understanding of self in the world of work. Assists students in applying decision-making to career choice. Lecture 1 hour per week.

SDV 108 COLLEGE SURVIVAL SKILLS (1 cr.)
Provides an orientation to the college. Introduces study skills, career and life planning. Offers an opportunity to engage in activities aimed at self- discovery. Emphasizes development of “coping skills” such as listening, interpersonal relations, competence, and improved self-concept. Lecture 1 hour per week. Co-requisite: ENF 1.

SDV 199 SUPERVISED STUDY IN TRANSFER PROGRAMS (1 cr.)
Provides experience in preparation of application of admission to senior institutions, exploring degrees and programs of study at the senior institutions, assessment of core competencies, and assistance with other needs such as housing, study habits, and financial aid when transitioning from the community college to the senior institution. Assists students in understanding differences in community college life and academics and the senior institution. Lecture 1 hour per week. Prerequisites: ENG 111, and completion of 33 semester hours or more in a transfer program of study.

SDV 299 - SUPERVISED STUDY (1 cr.)
Assigns problems for independent study incorporating previous instruction and supervised by the instructor. Lecture 1 hour per week.

VITICULTURE (VEN)

VEN 100 INTRODUCTION TO VITICULTURE (3 cr.)
Introduces grapes, their history, distribution, classification and areas of production. Provides an overview of grape uses and products made from them. Includes site selection and environmental factors that affect grapes and their quality. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

VEN 110 VINEYARD ESTABLISHMENT (3 cr.)
Reviews sites, soils, and other factors that affect the planting of grapes. Covers vineyard designs, varieties, and the training of newly planted vines. Includes weed control and pest management of new vines. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

VEN 120 VITICULTURE I (3 cr.)
Studies grape vine training, pruning, trellising, shoot positioning, leaf pulling, and other cultural practices used in a successful vineyard. Examines canopy management as related to disease control. Researches sites and develops skills in disease abatement. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

VEN 121 VITICULTURE II (3 cr.)
Explores late season canopy management as it relates to fruit maturity and fruit ripening. Emphasizes field experience with diseases and their effect on fruit quality as fruit matures and becomes ready for harvest. Prerequisite: VEN 120. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

VEN 125 VINEYARD MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Studies the overall practices involved in vineyard management with emphasis on diseases and insects as they affect overall quality of grapes. Surveys grape harvest and grape maturity as it affects wine quality. Provides hands-on experience in the harvest process. Prerequisite: VEN 121. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

VEN 130 INTRODUCTION TO WINE MAKING (3 cr.)
Introduces the process of wine making – both home and commercial wines. Describes the science involved in the production of wine and its various types. Delivers hands-on projects. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

VEN 135 WINE PRODUCTION (3 cr.)
Describes the production of commercial wine production from the grape to the bottle – including crush, fermenting and aging. Provides experience in the production of sample units of various wines. Prerequisite: VEN 130. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

VEN 140 VITICULTURE PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT (3 cr.)
Investigates grape diseases, grape insects and grape pests. Studies and evaluates methods of disease and pest control with an investigation of natural and chemical measures. Provides field experience in pest and disease management. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite.

VEN 190 COORDINATED INTERNSHIP (3 cr.)
Supervises on-the-job training in selected business, industrial or service firms coordinated by the college. Credit/practice ratio not to exceed 1:5 hours. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Prerequisite: ENF 3 or ENG 111 co-requisite, VEN 121, VEN 125.

WELDING (WEL)

WEL 117 OXYFUEL WELDING AND CUTTING (3 cr.)
Introduces history of oxyacetylene welding, principles of welding and cutting, nomenclature of the equipment, development of the puddle, running flat beads, butt-welding in different positions. Also explains brazing, silver and soft soldering, and heat- treating of small tools, safety procedures in the use of tools and equipment. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

WEL 123 SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (BASIC) (4 cr.)
Teaches operation of AC and DC power sources, welding polarities, heats and electrodes for use in joining various metal alloys by the arc welding process. Deals with running beads, butt, and fillet welds in all positions. Emphasizes safety procedures. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 8 hours per week.

WEL 124 SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (ADVANCED) (4 cr.)
Continues instruction on operation of AC and DC power sources, welding polarities, heats and electrodes for use in joining various metal alloys by the arc welding process. Deals with running beads, butt, and fillet welds in all positions. Emphasizes safety procedures. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 6 hours. Total 8 hours per week.

WEL 126 PIPE WELDING I (3 cr.)
Teaches metal arc welding processes including the welding of pressure piping in the horizontal, vertical, and horizontal-fixed positions in accordance with section IX of the ASME Code. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

WEL 130 INERT GAS WELDING (3 cr.)
Introduces practical operations in the uses of inert-gas-shield arc welding. Discusses equipment, safety operations, welding practice in the various positions process applications, and manual and semi- automatic welding. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

WEL 141 WELDER QUALIFICATION TESTS I (3 cr.)
Studies techniques and practices of testing welded joints through destructive and non-destructive tests. Part I of II. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 3 hours. Total 5 hours per week.

WEL 145 WELDING METALLURGY (3 cr.)
Studies steel classifications, heat treatment procedures, properties of ferrous and non- ferrous metals. Discusses techniques and practices of testing welded joints and destructive/ nondestructive, visual magnetic and fluorescent testing. Lecture 2 hours. Laboratory 2 hours. Total 4 hours per week.

WEL 150 WELDING DRAWING AND INTERPRETATION (3 cr.)
Teaches fundamentals required for successful drafting as applied to the welding industry. Includes blueprint reading, geometric principles of drafting and freehand sketching, basic principles of orthographic projection, preparation of drawings and interpretation of symbols. Lecture 2 hours per week.

WEL 198 SEMINAR AND PROJECT (2 cr.)
Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student's occupational objectives and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field. May be repeated for credit. Lab 2 hours per week.

WEL 298 - SEMINAR AND PROJECT (2 cr.)
Requires completion of a project or research report related to the student's occupational objectives and a study of approaches to the selection and pursuit of career opportunities in the field. May be repeated for credit. Lab 2 hours per week.